U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One) 

x QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended: December 31, 2015

 

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______________ to ______________

 

Commission File Number 333-170781

 

Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada

 

27-3425913

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization
)

 

(IRS Employer
Identification No.
)

 

63 Great Road, Maynard, MA 01754

(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)

 

(978) 938-0338

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

 _____________________________________________________________

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to filed such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.

 

Large accelerated filer

¨

Accelerated filer

¨

Non-accelerated filer

¨

Smaller reporting company

x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x

 

As of February 10, 2016, there were 35,159,553 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value, of the registrant issued and outstanding. 

  

 

 

Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

December 31, 2015

 

 

 

 

Page

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

 4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015

 

 

4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

 

5

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders' Deficit for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2015

 

 

6

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

 

7

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

15

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

 

19

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

 

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

 

 

20

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

 

20

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

 

20

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

 

20

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

 

20

 

Item 5.

Other Information

 

 

20

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

 

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

 

22

 

 

 
2
 

 

 EXPLANATORY NOTE

 

In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and unless the context otherwise requires the "Company," "we," "us" and "our" refer to Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiary, Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC, taken as a whole.

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains "forward-looking statements." Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements that express our intentions, beliefs, expectations, strategies, predictions or any other statements relating to our future activities or other future events or conditions. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about our business based, in part, on assumptions made by management. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may, and are likely to, differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in the forward-looking statements due to numerous factors discussed from time to time in this report and in other documents which we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In addition, such statements could be affected by risks and uncertainties related to:

 

 

·

our ability to raise funds for general corporate purposes and operations, including our clinical trials;

 

·

the commercial feasibility and success of our technology;

 

·

our ability to recruit qualified management and technical personnel;

 

·

the success of our clinical trials;

 

·

our ability to obtain and maintain required regulatory approvals for our products; and

 

·

the other factors discussed in the "Risk Factors" section and elsewhere in this report.

 

The foregoing list does not contain all of the risks and uncertainties. Any forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made, and except as may be required under applicable securities laws; we do not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the filing date of this report.

 

 
3
 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

CITIUS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

September 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2015

 

ASSETS

Current Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$281,489

 

 

$676,137

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

60,000

 

 

 

60,000

 

Total Current Assets

 

 

341,489

 

 

 

736,137

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trademarks

 

 

5,401

 

 

 

5,401

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Assets

 

$346,890

 

 

$741,538

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$458,686

 

 

$559,150

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

535,000

 

 

 

8,260

 

Derivative warrant liability

 

 

872,999

 

 

 

738,955

 

Due to related party

 

 

70,386

 

 

 

70,386

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

 

1,937,071

 

 

 

1,376,751

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' Deficit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock – $0.001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock - $0.001 par value; 90,000,000 shares authorized; 34,701,220 and 34,117,886 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015, respectively

 

 

34,701

 

 

 

34,118

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

8,636,388

 

 

 

8,371,218

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(10,261,270)

 

 

(9,040,549)

Total Stockholders' Deficit

 

 

(1,590,181)

 

 

(635,213)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Deficit

 

$346,890

 

 

$743,538

 

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
4
 

 

CITIUS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

December 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

829,156

 

 

 

477,123

 

General and administrative

 

 

294,221

 

 

 

293,018

 

Stock-based compensation – general and administrative

 

 

121,299

 

 

 

108,764

 

Total Operating Expenses

 

 

1,244,676

 

 

 

878,905

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Loss

 

 

(1,244,676)

 

 

(878,905)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Income (Expense), Net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

15

 

 

 

2,208

 

Gain on revaluation of derivative warrant liability

 

 

23,940

 

 

 

60,489

 

Interest expense

 

 

 

 

 

(7,500)

Total Other Income (Expense), Net

 

 

23,955

 

 

 

55,197

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss before Income Taxes

 

 

(1,220,721)

 

 

(823,708)

Income tax benefit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Loss

 

$(1,220,721)

 

$(823,708)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Loss Per Share - Basic and Diluted

 

$(0.04)

 

$(0.03)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

 

 

34,414,988

 

 

 

30,036,759

 

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
5
 

 

CITIUS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders'

 

 

 

Preferred

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Paid-In

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

Stock

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

(Deficit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, October 1, 2015

 

$

 

 

 

34,117,886

 

 

$34,118

 

 

$8,371,218

 

 

$(9,040,549)

 

$(635,213)

Issuance of common stock in private placements, net of costs

 

 

 

 

 

583,334

 

 

 

583

 

 

 

143,871

 

 

 

 

 

 

144,454

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

121,299

 

 

 

 

 

 

121,299

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,220,721)

 

 

(1,220,721)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2015

 

$

 

 

 

34,701,220

 

 

$34,701

 

 

$8,636,388

 

 

$(10,261,270)

 

$(1,590,181)

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
6
 

 

CITIUS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Cash Flows From Operating Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$(1,220,721)

 

$(823,708)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gain on revaluation of derivative warrant liability

 

 

(23,940)

 

 

(60,489)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

121,299

 

 

 

108,764

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

 

(100,464)

 

 

92,907

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

526,740

 

 

 

(59,797)

Accrued interest

 

 

 

 

 

7,500

 

Net Cash Used In Operating Activities

 

 

(697,086)

 

 

(734,823)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows From Financing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net proceeds from private placements

 

 

302,438

 

 

 

 

Net Cash Provided By Financing Activities

 

 

302,438

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

 

(394,648)

 

 

(734,823)

Cash and Cash Equivalents - Beginning of Period

 

 

676,137

 

 

 

1,552,060

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents - End of Period

 

$281,489

 

 

$817,237

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental Disclosures Of Cash Flow Information and Non-cash Transactions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

 

$

 

 

$

 

Income taxes paid

 

$

 

 

$

 

Fair value of warrants recorded as derivative warrant liability

 

$157,984

 

 

 

 

Conversion of promissory notes and accrued interest into common stock

 

$

 

 

$633,333

 

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
7
 

 

CITIUS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014

(Unaudited)

 

1. NATURE OF OPERATIONS, BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Business

 

Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Citius" or the "Company") is a pharmaceutical company headquartered in Maynard, Massachusetts focused on developing innovative formulations aimed at improving the delivery and compliance of approved drugs. The Company was founded as Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC, a Massachusetts limited liability company, on January 23, 2007. On September 12, 2014, Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC entered into a Share Exchange and Reorganization Agreement (the "Exchange Agreement"), with Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (formerly Trail One, Inc.), a publicly traded company incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada. Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Citius (see "Reverse Acquisition" below).

 

The Company currently has one approved and marketed product, Suprenza (phentermine hydrochloride), which it has out licensed for promotion in the United States, Canada and Mexico. Since its inception, the Company has devoted substantially all of its efforts to business planning, research and development, recruiting management and technical staff, and raising capital.

 

Citius is subject to a number of risks common to companies in the pharmaceutical industry including, but not limited to, risks related to the development by Citius or its competitors of research and development stage products, market acceptance of its products, competition from larger companies, dependence on key personnel, dependence on key suppliers and strategic partners, the Company's ability to obtain additional financing and the Company's compliance with governmental and other regulations.

 

Reverse Acquisition

 

On September 12, 2014, Citius completed a reverse acquisition transaction with Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC, which became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Citius. As part of the reverse acquisition, the former members of Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC received 21,625,219 shares of the Company's common stock in exchange for their interest in Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC and, immediately after the transaction, owned 72% of the outstanding common stock. Immediately prior to the transaction, Citius had 5,000,000 shares of common stock outstanding. In connection with the Exchange Agreement, the Company completed the first closing of a Private Offering. Following the acquisition, Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC began operating as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

 

Accounting principles generally accepted in the United States generally require that a company whose security holders retain the majority voting interest in the combined business be treated as the acquirer for financial reporting purposes. The acquisition was accounted for as a reverse acquisition whereby Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC was deemed to be the accounting acquirer. Accordingly, the historical consolidated financial statements are those of Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC as the accounting acquirer. The post-merger combination of Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC is referred to throughout these notes to consolidated financial statements as the "Company." As the accounting acquirer, Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC did not acquire any tangible assets from Citius and did not assume any liabilities of Citius. This transaction is not considered a business combination because Citius, the non-operating public corporation, did not meet the definition of a business. Instead, this transaction is considered to be a capital transaction of Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC and is equivalent to the issuance of shares by Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC for the net assets of Citius accompanied by a recapitalization.

 

In connection with the reverse acquisition, Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC adopted the fiscal year end of Citius, thereby changing our fiscal year end from December 31 to September 30.

 

Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Preparation — As a result of the reverse acquisition, the accompanying consolidated financial statements include the operations of Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC (the accounting acquirer). The accompanying consolidated financial statements also include the operations of Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (formerly Trail One, Inc.) since the date of the reverse acquisition. All significant inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

All share and per share amounts presented in these consolidated financial statements reflect the one-for-one exchange ratio of Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC member interests to common shares in the reverse acquisition.

 

 
8
 

  

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information, without being audited, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary to make the financial statements not misleading have been included. Operating results for the three months ended December 31, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending September 30, 2016. The unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2015 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

There have been no recently issued accounting pronouncements that have had or are expected to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

 

Use of Estimates — Our accounting principles require our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Estimates having relatively higher significance include stock-based compensation, valuation of warrants, and income taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Net Income (Loss) per Common Share — Basic net income (loss) per share of common stock has been computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share of common stock has been computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares outstanding plus the diluting effect, if any, of outstanding stock options, warrants and convertible securities. Diluted net loss per share of common stock has been computed by dividing the net loss for the period by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during such period. In a net loss period, options, warrants and convertible securities are anti-dilutive and therefore excluded from diluted loss per share calculations.

 

2. GOING CONCERN UNCERTAINTY AND MANAGEMENT'S PLAN

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company experienced negative cash flows from operations of $697,086 and $734,823 for three months ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. At December 31, 2015, the Company had a working capital deficit of $1,595,582 and a stockholders' deficit of $1,590,181. The Company has no revenue and has relied on proceeds from equity transactions and debt to finance its operations. At December 31, 2015, the Company had limited capital to fund its operations. This raises substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern.

 

The Company plans to raise capital through equity financings from outside investors as well as raise additional funds from existing investors. There is no assurance, however, that that the Company will be successful in raising the needed capital and, if funding is available, that it will be available on terms acceptable to the Company.

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of the above uncertainty.

 

3. BUSINESS AGREEMENTS

 

Alpex Pharma S.A.

 

On June 12, 2008, the Company entered into a collaboration and license agreement (the "Alpex Agreement") with Alpex Pharma S.A. ("Alpex"), in which Alpex granted the Company an exclusive right and license to use certain Alpex intellectual property in order to develop and commercialize orally disintegrating tablet formulations of pharmaceutical products in United States, Canada and Mexico. In addition, Alpex manufactures Suprenza, the Company's commercialized pharmaceutical product, on a contract basis. The agreement was amended on November 15, 2011 as part of an Amendment and Coordination Agreement (see the "Three-Party Agreement" below).

 

 
9
 

  

Under the terms of the Alpex Agreement, as amended by the Three-Party Agreement dated November 15, 2011 (see below), Alpex is entitled to a payment per tablet manufactured and a percentage of all milestone, royalty and other payments received by the Company from Prenzamax, LLC, pursuant to a sublicense agreement (see below). A milestone is generally understood as a completion of specific defined task towards the completion of a project or performance of a contract. For example, pursuant to the Company's agreement with Alpex, the Company is required to pay Alpex for the completion of certain tasks including, but not limited to, the development of the analytical methods, formulations and filings of the NDA. In addition, under the terms of the Alpex Agreement, Alpex retained the right to use the clinical data generated by the Company to file for regulatory approval and market Suprenza in the rest of the world. In the event that Alpex has such sales, Alpex will pay the Company a percentage royalty on net sales, as defined ("Alpex Revenue"). No milestone, royalty or other payments have been earned or received by the Company through December 31, 2015.

 

Prenzamax, LLC

 

On November 15, 2011, the Company entered into an exclusive license agreement (the "Sublicense Agreement") with Prenzamax, LLC ("Prenzamax"), in which the Company granted Prenzamax and its affiliates the exclusive right to commercialize Suprenza in the United States. Prenzamax is an affiliate of Akrimax, a related party (see Note 8) and was formed for the specific purpose of managing the Sublicense Agreement. Under the terms of the Sublicense Agreement, Prenzamax is to pay the Company a percentage of the product's EBITDA, as defined ("Profit Share Payments"). In addition, Prenzamax is to reimburse the Company directly for certain development costs. These payments are to commence once Prenzamax has achieved profitability, as defined in the Sublicense Agreement. Further, under the terms of the Sublicense Agreement, Prenzamax is required to share in the royalty payment due to Alpex under the Alpex Agreement. In addition, Prenzamax is entitled to a percentage of the Alpex Revenue received by the Company.

 

The Company has not been reimbursed for any development costs nor has it earned any royalty payments through December 31, 2015.

 

Three-Party Agreement

 

On November 15, 2011, the Company, Alpex and Prenzamax entered into the Three-Party Agreement wherein the terms of the Alpex Agreement were modified and Prenzamax and the Company agreed to each pay a portion of certain regulatory filing fees for as long as Prenzamax is purchasing Suprenza from Alpex pursuant to the Three-Party Agreement.

 

4. NOTES PAYABLE 

 

Promissory Notes

 

In November 2013, the Company issued two promissory notes (the "Promissory Notes") to two existing investors in aggregate total principal amount of $600,000. The Promissory Notes accrue interest at 5.00% per annum and are due at the earliest of (1) December 19, 2014, (2) the occurrence of an event of default as defined in the Promissory Notes, (3) an initial installment of $100,000 principal amount, to each investor, upon the receipt by the Company of a minimum $6,500,000 in aggregate proceeds under any financing transaction, (4) a second installment of $100,000 principal amount, to each investor, upon the receipt by the Company of a minimum $8,500,000 in aggregate proceeds under any financing transaction, and (5) a third installment of $100,000 principal amount, to each investor, upon the receipt by the Company of a minimum $10,000,000 in aggregate proceeds under any financing transaction. At September 30, 2014, the Promissory Notes had an outstanding aggregate principal balance of $600,000.

 

On December 31, 2014, the note holders requested conversion of the outstanding $600,000 Promissory Notes and accrued interest of $33,333 into 1,055,554 shares of common stock at a conversion price of $0.60 per share.

 

Interest expense on the Promissory Notes for the three months ended December 31, 2014 was $7,500.

 

5. DERIVATIVE WARRANT LIABILITY

 

Derivative financial instruments are recognized as a liability on the consolidated balance sheet and measured at fair value. At December 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015, the Company had outstanding warrants to purchase 3,620,371 shares and 3,037,037 shares, respectively, of its common stock that are considered to be derivative instruments since the agreements contain "down round" provisions whereby the exercise price of the warrants is subject to adjustment in the event that the Company issues common stock for less than $0.60 per share within one-year of the original issuance of the warrants (see Note 6).

 

The Company performs valuations of the warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model which value was also compared to a Binomial Option Pricing Model for reasonableness. This model requires input of assumptions including the risk-free interest rates, volatility, expected life and dividend rates and has also considered the likelihood of "down round" financings. Selection of these inputs involves management's judgment and may impact net income. Due to our limited operating history and limited number of sales of our common stock, we estimate our volatility based on a number of factors including the volatility of comparable publicly traded pharmaceutical companies. The volatility factor used in the Black-Scholes option pricing model has a significant effect on the resulting valuation of the derivative liabilities on our balance sheet. The volatility calculated at December 31, 2015 was 57%. We used a risk-free interest rate of 1.76%, estimated lives of 4.22 to 4.89 years, which are the remaining contractual lives of the warrants subject to "down round" provisions, and no dividends to our common stock. The volatility calculated at September 30, 2015 was 57%. We used a risk-free interest rate of 1.37%, estimated lives of 4.47 to 4.96 years, which are the remaining contractual lives of the warrants subject to "down round" provisions, and no dividends to our common stock.

 

 
10
 

  

The table below presents the changes in the derivative warrant liability, which is measured at fair value on a recurring basis and classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy:

 

 

 

Three Months

Ended

December 31,

2015

 

 

Three Months

Ended

December 31,

2014

 

Derivative warrant liability, beginning of period

 

$738,955

 

 

$1,450,943

 

Fair value of warrants issued

 

 

157,984

 

 

 

 

Total realized/unrealized gains included in net loss (1)

 

 

(23,940)

 

 

(60,489)

Derivative warrant liability, end of period

 

$872,999

 

 

$1,390,454

 

_______________ 

(1)     Included in gain or loss on revaluation of derivative warrant liability in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.

 

6. COMMON STOCK, STOCK OPTIONS AND WARRANTS

 

Private Offering

 

In 2014, the Company entered into an investment banking agreement to raise up to $5.1 million and issue up to 8,500,000 Units described below. The agreement contemplated a Reverse Acquisition with a public company. As of December 31, 2013, the Company capitalized as deferred offering costs a $25,000 retainer for legal costs associated with this offering. The $25,000 retainer was charged to additional paid-in capital on completion of the first closing of the offering.

 

On September 12, 2014, the Company sold 3,400,067 Units for a purchase price of $0.60 per Unit for gross proceeds of $2,040,040. Each Unit consists of one share of common stock and one five-year warrant (the "Investor Warrants") to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $0.60, (the "Private Offering"). The exercise price of the Investor Warrants is subject to adjustment, for up to one year, if the Company issues common stock at a price lower than the exercise price, subject to certain exceptions. The Investor Warrants will be redeemable by the Company at a price of $0.001 per Investor Warrant at any time subject to the conditions that (i) the common stock has traded for twenty (20) consecutive trading days with a closing price of at least $1.50 per share with an average trading volume of 50,000 shares per day and (ii) the Company provides 20 trading days prior notice of the redemption and the closing price of the common stock is not less than $1.17 for more than any 3 days during such notice period and (iii) the underlying shares of common stock are registered.

 

The Placement Agent was paid a commission of ten percent (10%) and a non-accountable expense allowance of three percent (3%) of the funds raised in the Private Offering. As a result of the foregoing arrangement, the Placement Agent was paid commissions and expenses of $265,206. In addition, the Company issued to the Placement Agent and their designees five-year warrants (the "Placement Agent Unit Warrants") to purchase 680,013 Units at an exercise price of $0.60 per Unit. The Placement Agent Unit Warrants are exercisable on a cash or cashless basis with respect to purchase of the Units, and will be exercisable only for cash with respect to warrants received as part of the Units. The exercise price of the warrants underlying the Placement Agent Unit Warrants is subject to weighted-average adjustment, for up to one year, if the Company issues common stock at a price lower than the exercise price, subject to certain exceptions.

 

In addition, the Placement Agent was issued warrants to purchase 1,000,000 shares of common stock exercisable for cash at $0.60 per share for investment banking services provided in connection with the transaction (the "Placement Agent Share Warrants"). Other cash expenses related to the private placement totaled $169,000. The Placement Agent may, while the Placement Agent Unit Warrants are outstanding, appoint one person to the Board of Directors, and designate one person who may attend meetings of the Board of Directors as an observer. On November 2, 2015, the Placement Agent waived its right to appoint a person to the Board of Directors.

 

In connection with the Private Offering, the Company entered into a Registration Rights Agreement pursuant to which the Company is required to file a registration statement (the "Registration Statement"), registering for resale all shares of common stock (i) included in the Units; and (ii) issuable upon exercise of the Investor Warrants. The Company has agreed to use its reasonable efforts to cause the Registration Statement to be filed no later than 60 days after the completion of the Private Offering (the "Filing Deadline"), and to have the Registration Statement declared effective within 180 days of the Filing Deadline. The Private Offering is still in progress. Any holders of the shares of common stock removed from the Registration Statement as a result of a Section 415 comment from the SEC shall be included in a subsequent registration statement the Company will file no later than six months after the prior registration statement (or such other period as permitted by SEC rules). The Company filed the Registration Statement on September 11, 2015 and it was declared effective on January 21, 2016.

 

 
11
 

  

Between March 19, 2015 and September 14, 2015, the Company sold an additional 2,837,037 Units for a purchase price of $0.54 per Unit and 200,000 Units for a purchase price of $0.60 per Unit for gross proceeds of $1,652,000. Each Unit consists of one share of common stock and one Investor Warrant (see description above). There was no placement agent for the 2015 private placements and other cash expenses related to the placements were $142,507. In connection with these placements, the Company credited $741,058 to stockholders' equity (deficit) and $768,435 to derivative warrant liability.

 

Between October 1, 2015 and November 20, 2015, the Company sold an additional 416,667 Units for a purchase price of $0.54 per Unit and 166,667 Units for a purchase price of $0.60 per Unit for gross proceeds of $325,000. Each Unit consists of one share of common stock and one Investor Warrant (see description above). There was no placement agent for these private placements and other cash expenses related to the placements were $22,562. In connection with these placements, the Company credited $144,454 to stockholders' equity (deficit) and $157,984 to derivative warrant liability.

 

Stock Options

 

On September 12, 2014, the Board of Directors adopted the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan (the "2014 Plan") and reserved 13,000,000 shares of common stock for issuance to employees, directors and consultants. On September 12, 2014, the stockholders approved the plan. Pursuant to the 2014 Plan, the Board of Directors (or committees and/or executive officers delegated by the Board of Directors) may grant stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, other stock-based awards and cash-based awards. As of December 31, 2015, there were options to purchase an aggregate of 4,700,000 shares of common stock outstanding under the 2014 Plan and 8,300,000 shares available for future grants.

 

The fair value of each stock option award is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Due to its limited operating history and limited number of sales of its Common Stock, the Company estimated its volatility in consideration of a number of factors including the volatility of comparable public companies. The Company uses historical data, as well as subsequent events occurring prior to the issuance of the financial statements, to estimate option exercises and employee terminations within the valuation model. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant commensurate with the expected term assumption. The expected term of stock options granted, all of which qualify as "plain vanilla," is based on the average of the contractual term (generally 10 years) and the vesting period. For non-employee options, the expected term is the contractual term.

 

A summary of option activity under the 2014 Plan as of December 31, 2015 and the changes during the three months then ended is presented below:

 

Options

 

Shares

 

 

Weighted-

Average

Exercise

Price

 

 

Weighted-

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Term

 

Aggregate

Intrinsic

Value

 

Outstanding at October 1, 2015

 

 

3,900,000

 

 

$0.47

 

 

8.94 years

 

$297,000

 

Granted

 

 

800,000

 

 

$0.54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited or expired

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2015

 

 

4,700,000

 

 

$0.48

 

 

8.87 years

 

$297,000

 

Exercisable at December 31, 2015

 

 

2,260,000

 

 

$0.48

 

 

8.65 years

 

$162,000

 

 

On September 12, 2014, the Board of Directors granted stock options to purchase 3,300,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.45 per share. The weighted average grant-date fair value of the options granted was estimated at $0.34 per share. These options vest over three years and have a term of 10 years.

 

On April 1, 2015, the Board of Directors granted stock options to purchase 100,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.60 per share. The weighted average grant-date fair value of the options granted was estimated at $0.16 per share. These options vested immediately and have a term of 5 years. On June 1, 2015, the Board of Directors granted stock options to purchase 500,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.60 per share. The weighted average grant-date fair value of the options granted was estimated at $0.27 per share. These options vest over three years and have a term of 10 years.

 

 
12
 

  

On October 1 and October 8, 2015, the Company appointed two new directors. Each director received an option to purchase 400,000 shares of the Company's common stock at an exercise price of $0.54 per share in consideration for their services as members of the Company's board of directors. The weighted average grant-date fair value of the options granted was estimated at $0.28 per share. These options vest over 14 months and have a term of 10 years.

 

Stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 was $121,299 and $108,764, respectively.

 

At December 31, 2015, unrecognized total compensation cost related to unvested awards of $425,604 is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.27 years.

 

Warrants

 

The Company has reserved 9,380,464 shares of common stock for the exercise of outstanding warrants. The following table summarizes the warrants outstanding at December 31, 2015:

 

 

 

Exercise price

 

 

Number

 

 

Expiration Date

 

Investor Warrants

 

$0.60

 

 

 

3,400,067

 

 

September 12, 2019

 

Placement Agent Unit Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

680,013

 

 

September 12, 2019

 

Warrants underlying Placement Agent Unit Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

680,013

 

 

September 12, 2019

 

Placement Agent Share Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

1,000,000

 

 

September 12, 2019

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

500,000(1)

 

March 19, 2020

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

583,334(1)

 

April 22, 2020

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

258,333(1)

 

April 30, 2020

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

333,334(1)

 

June 10, 2020

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

100,000(1)

 

June 22, 2020

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

370,370(1)

 

June 26, 2020

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

208,333(1)

 

July 2, 2020

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

100,000(1)

 

July 25, 2020

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

333,333(1)

 

July 15, 2020

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

250,000(1)

 

September 14, 2020

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

166,667(1)

 

November 5, 2020

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

166,667(1)

 

November 18, 2020

 

Investor Warrants

 

 

0.60

 

 

 

250,000(1)

 

November 20, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,380,464

 

 

 

 

__________ 

(1)     Fair value of these warrants are included in the derivative warrant liability

 

The weighted average remaining life of the warrants is 4.01 years. At December 31, 2015, all warrants are exercisable and there is no aggregate intrinsic value for the warrants outstanding. 

 

7. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

The Company's headquarters is located in the office space of a company affiliated through common ownership. The Company has not recorded any revenue or expense related to the use of the office space as management has determined the usage to be immaterial and the affiliate has not charged for the usage.

 

As of December 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015, the Company owed $70,386 to a company affiliated through common ownership for the expenses the related party paid on the Company's behalf and services performed by the related party.

 

Our Chief Executive Officer is the cofounder and Vice Chairman of Akrimax Pharmaceuticals, LLC ("Akrimax"), a privately held pharmaceutical company specializing in producing cardiovascular and general pharmaceutical products (see Note 3).

 

 
13
 

  

8. EMPLOYMENT AND CONSULTING AGREEMENTS

 

Employment Agreement

 

The Company entered into a three year employment agreement with its new Chief Executive Officer effective September 12, 2014. Upon expiration, the agreement automatically renews for successive periods of one-year. The agreement requires the Company to pay base compensation plus incentives over the employment term plus severance benefits upon the occurrence of certain events as described in the agreement. Under the agreement, the Chief Executive Officer was granted options to purchase 3,300,000 shares of common stock.

 

Consulting Agreements

 

Effective September 1, 2014, the Company entered into three consulting agreements. Two of the agreements are for financial consulting services including accounting, preparation of financial statements and filings with the SEC. The third agreement is for financing activities, product development strategies and corporate development. The agreements may be terminated by the Company or the consultant with 90 days written notice.

 

Consulting expense under the agreements for the three months ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 was $87,000. Consulting expense for the three months ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 includes $12,000 paid to a financial consultant who is a stockholder of the Company. In addition, one financial consulting services agreement provides for the grant of options to purchase 500,000 shares of common stock contingent upon approval by the Board of Directors. The options were granted on June 1, 2015.

 

9. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

In January 2016, the Company sold an additional 458,333 Units for a purchase price of $0.54 per Unit for gross proceeds of $247,500. Each Unit consists of one share of common stock and one Investor Warrant.

 

 
14
 

 

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations for the three months ended December 31, 2015 should be read together with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this report and in conjunction with the audited financial statements of Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2015. The following discussion contains "forward-looking statements" that reflect our future plans, estimates, beliefs and expected performance. Our actual results may differ materially from those currently anticipated and expressed in such forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors. We caution that assumptions, expectations, projections, intentions or beliefs about future events may, and often do, vary from actual results and the differences can be material. Please see "Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements."

 

Historical Background

 

Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Citius" or the "Company") is a pharmaceutical company focused on developing innovative formulations aimed at improving the delivery and compliance of approved drugs. On September 12, 2014, we acquired Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC as a wholly-owned subsidiary.

 

Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC was founded in Massachusetts in January 2007. Activities since Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC's inception through December 31, 2015, were devoted primarily to the development and commercialization of therapeutic products for large and growing markets using innovative patented or proprietary formulations and novel drug delivery technology.

 

Through December 31, 2015, the Company has devoted substantially all of its efforts to product development, raising capital, building infrastructure through strategic alliances and coordinating activities relating to its first commercial product Suprenza. The Company has not yet realized any revenues from its planned principal operations.

 

Accounting principles generally accepted in the United States require that a company whose security holders retain the majority voting interest in the combined business be treated as the acquirer for financial statement reporting purposes. The acquisition was accounted for as a "Reverse Acquisition" whereby Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC was deemed to be the accounting acquirer. The historical financial statements of Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC are presented as our historical financial statements. The historical fiscal year end of Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC was December 31. In connection with the Reverse Acquisition, we adopted the fiscal year end of Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. thereby changing our fiscal year end from December 31 to September 30. The following analysis of our results of operations reflects the accounting treatment required as a result of the Reverse Acquisition.

 

Business Agreements

 

Alpex Pharma S.A.

 

On June 12, 2008, the Company entered into a collaboration and license agreement (the "Alpex Agreement") with Alpex Pharma S.A. ("Alpex"), in which Alpex granted the Company an exclusive right and license to use certain Alpex intellectual property in order to develop and commercialize orally disintegrating tablet formulations of pharmaceutical products in United States, Canada and Mexico. In addition, Alpex manufactures Suprenza, the Company's commercialized pharmaceutical product, on a contract basis. The agreement was amended on November 15, 2011 as part of an Amendment and Coordination Agreement (see the "Three-Party Agreement" below).

 

Under the terms of the Alpex Agreement, as amended by the Three-Party Agreement dated November 15, 2011 (see below), Alpex is entitled to a payment per tablet manufactured and a percentage of all milestone, royalty and other payments received by the Company from Prenzamax, LLC, pursuant to a sublicense agreement (see below). A milestone is generally understood as a completion of specific defined task towards the completion of a project or performance of a contract. For example, pursuant to the Company's agreement with Alpex, the Company is required to pay Alpex for the completion of certain tasks including, but not limited to, the development of the analytical methods, formulations and filings of the NDA. In addition, under the terms of the Alpex Agreement, Alpex retained the right to use the clinical data generated by the Company to file for regulatory approval and market Suprenza in the rest of the world. In the event that Alpex has such sales, Alpex will pay the Company a percentage royalty on net sales, as defined ("Alpex Revenue"). No milestone, royalty or other payments have been earned or received by the Company through December 31, 2015.

 

 
15
 

  

Prenzamax, LLC

 

On November 15, 2011, the Company entered into an exclusive license agreement (the "Sublicense Agreement") with Prenzamax, LLC ("Prenzamax"), in which the Company granted Prenzamax and its affiliates the exclusive right to commercialize Suprenza in the United States. Prenzamax is an affiliate of Akrimax, a related party and was formed for the specific purpose of managing the Sublicense Agreement. Under the terms of the Sublicense Agreement, Prenzamax is to pay the Company a percentage of the product's EBITDA, as defined ("Profit Share Payments"). In addition, Prenzamax is to reimburse the Company directly for certain development costs. These payments are to commence once Prenzamax has achieved profitability, as defined in the Sublicense Agreement. Further, under the terms of the Sublicense Agreement, Prenzamax is required to share in the royalty payment due to Alpex under the Alpex Agreement. In addition, Prenzamax is entitled to a percentage of the Alpex Revenue received by the Company.

 

The Company has not been reimbursed for any development costs nor has it earned any Profit Share Payments through December 31, 2015.

 

Three-Party Agreement

 

On November 15, 2011, the Company, Alpex and Prenzamax entered into the Three-Party Agreement wherein the terms of the Alpex Agreement were modified and Prenzamax and the Company agreed to each pay a portion of certain regulatory filing fees for as long as Prenzamax is purchasing Suprenza from Alpex pursuant to the Three-Party Agreement.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Three months ended December 31, 2015 compared with the three months ended December 31, 2014

 

 

 

Three Months
Ended
December 31,
2015

 

 

Three Months
Ended
December 31,
2014

 

Revenues

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

829,156

 

 

 

477,123

 

General and administrative

 

 

294,221

 

 

 

293,018

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

121,299

 

 

 

108,764

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

1,244,676

 

 

 

878,905

 

Operating loss

 

 

(1,244,676)

 

 

(878,905)

Interest income

 

 

15

 

 

 

2,208

 

Gain on revaluation of derivative warrant liability

 

 

23,940

 

 

 

60,489

 

Interest expense

 

 

 

 

 

(7,500)

Net loss

 

$(1,220,721)

 

$(823,708)

 

Revenues

 

We did not generate any revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2015 and 2014. Beginning in May 2012, our strategic sales and marketing partner, Prenzamax, generated revenues from the sale of Suprenza, our first commercial product. Under the partnering agreement, we were not entitled to any revenues during the three months ended December 31, 2015 and 2014. It is unlikely that we will ever receive any material revenues from Suprenza.

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2015, research and development expenses were $829,156 as compared to $477,123 during the three months ended December 31, 2014. The $352,033 increase in 2015 was primarily due to an increase of $302,187 in costs incurred in the development of our product for the treatment of hemorrhoids and a $50,000 fee paid for an option on a potential new product. We are actively seeking to raise additional capital in order to fund our research and development efforts.

 

 
16
 

  

General and Administrative Expenses

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2015, general and administrative expenses were $294,221 as compared to $293,018 during the three months ended December 31, 2014. General and administrative expenses were consistent for the three months ended December 31, 2015 and 2014. These costs are primarily for compensation costs for our Chief Executive Officer, financial and accounting consulting expenses, insurance costs and professional fees.

 

Stock-based Compensation Expense

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2015, stock-based compensation expense was $121,299 as compared to $108,764 for the three months ended December 31, 2014. The $121,299 expense for the three months ended December 31, 2015 includes the expenses for our Chief executive Officer's options, an option granted to a consultant and options granted to our two new independent directors. The $108,764 expense for the three months ended December 31, 2014 was solely due to the stock options granted to our Chief Executive Officer in connection with his employment agreement.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

Interest income earned on the remaining proceeds of our private offerings was $15 for the three months ended December 31, 2015 compared to $2,208 for the three months ended December 31, 2014.

 

Gain on revaluation of derivative warrant liability for the three months ended December 31, 2015 was $23,940 compared to $60,489 for the three months ended December 31, 2014. The fair value of the derivative warrant liability fluctuates with changes in our stock price, volatility, remaining lives of the warrants, and interest rates. The gain for the three months ended December 31, 2014 was due to the change in the fair value of the derivative warrant liability that we recognized in connection with the first closing of the Private Offering on September 12, 2014.

 

There was no interest expense for the three months ended December 31, 2015. For the three months ended December 31, 2014, interest expense was $7,500 on our promissory notes. The decrease in interest expense was due to the December 31, 2014 conversion of the outstanding $600,000 Promissory Notes and accrued interest of $33,333 into 1,055,554 shares of common stock at a conversion price of $0.60 per share.

 

Net Loss

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2015, we incurred a net loss of $1,220,721 compared to a net loss for the three months ended December 31, 2014 of $823,708. The $397,013 increase in the net loss was primarily due to the $352,033 increase in research and development expenses.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Going Concern Uncertainty and Working Capital

 

Citius has incurred operating losses since inception and incurred a net loss of $1,220,721 for the three months ended December 31, 2015. At December 31, 2015, Citius had a stockholders' deficit of $1,590,181 and an accumulated deficit of $10,261,270. Citius' net cash used in operations during the three months ended December 31, 2015 was $697,086.

 

As of December 31, 2015, Citius had a working capital deficit of $1,595,582. The working capital deficit was attributable to the operating losses incurred by the Company since inception offset by our capital raising activities. At December 31, 2015, Citius had cash and cash equivalents of $281,489 available to fund its operations. The Company's primary sources of cash flow since inception have been from financing activities. During the three months ended December 31, 2015, the Company received net proceeds of $302,438 from the issuance of equity. During the year ended September 30, 2015 and the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company received net proceeds of $1,509,493 and $1,680,834, respectively, from the issuance of equity. Our primary uses of operating cash were for product development and commercialization activities, regulatory expenses, employee compensation, consulting fees, legal and accounting fees, insurance and travel expenses.

 

On September 12, 2014, the Company sold 3,400,067 units ("Units") for a purchase price of $0.60 per Unit for gross proceeds of $2,040,040 and net proceeds of $1,630,834. Each Unit consists of one share of common stock and one five-year warrant (the "Investor Warrants") to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $0.60, (the "Private Offering"). The exercise price of the Investor Warrants is subject to adjustment, for up to one year, if the Company issues common stock at a price lower than the exercise price, subject to certain exceptions. The Investor Warrants will be redeemable by the Company at a price of $0.001 per Investor Warrant at any time subject to the conditions that (i) the common stock has traded for twenty (20) consecutive trading days with a closing price of at least $1.50 per share with an average trading volume of 50,000 shares per day and (ii) the Company provides 20 trading days prior notice of the redemption and the closing price of the common stock is not less than $1.17 for more than any 3 days during such notice period and (iii) the underlying shares of common stock are registered.

 

 
17
 

  

On December 31, 2014, the note holders requested conversion of $600,000 in Promissory Notes and accrued interest of $33,333 into 1,055,554 shares of common stock at a conversion price of $0.60 per share.

 

Between March 19, 2015 and September 14, 2015, the Company sold an additional 2,837,037 Units for a purchase price of $0.54 per Unit and 200,000 Units for a purchase price of $0.60 per Unit for gross proceeds of $1,652,000.

 

Between October 1, 2015 and November 20, 2015, the Company sold an additional 416,667 Units for a purchase price of $0.54 per Unit and 166,667 Units for a purchase price of $0.60 per Unit for gross proceeds of $325,000.

 

In January 2016, the Company sold an additional 458,333 Units for a purchase price of $0.54 per Unit for gross proceeds of $247,500.

 

We expect that we will have sufficient funds to continue our operations for the next three to six months. We plan to raise additional capital in the future to support our operations. There is no assurance, however, that we will be successful in raising the needed capital or that the proceeds will be received in a timely manner to fully support our operations.

 

Derivative Warrant Liability

 

The FASB ASC 815-40: Derivatives and Hedging-Contracts in Entity's Own Equity requires freestanding contracts that are settled in a company's own stock, including common stock warrants, to be designated as an equity instrument, asset or a liability. Under the provisions of ASC 815-40, a contract designated as an asset or a liability must be carried at fair value on a company's balance sheet, with any changes in fair value recorded in the company's results of operations. A contract designated as an equity instrument must be included within equity, and no fair value adjustments are required from period to period. The 3,400,067 Investor Warrants, the 680,013 warrants underlying the placement agent's Unit warrants and the 1,000,000 warrants issued for investment banking services in the Private Offering on September 12, 2014 were separately accounted for as liabilities at issuance. In addition, the 3,620,371 Investor Warrants issued between March 19, 2015 and November 20, 2015 were accounted for as liabilities at issuance. The warrants are classified as liabilities because the exercise price of the warrants is subject to adjustment in the event that the Company issues common stock for less than $0.60 per share within one-year of the original issuance of the warrants. The 2015 private placements did not result in an adjustment of the exercise price.

 

The Company performs valuations of the warrants issued in the Private Offering using a probability weighted Black-Scholes Pricing Model which value was compared to a Binomial Option Pricing Model for reasonableness. The model uses market-sourced inputs such as underlying stock prices, risk-free interest rates, volatility, expected life and dividend rates and has also considered the likelihood of "down-round" financings. Selection of these inputs involves management's judgment and may impact net income. Due to our limited operating history and limited number of sales of our Common Stock, we estimate our volatility based on a number of factors including the volatility of comparable publicly traded pharmaceutical companies. The volatility calculated at December 31, 2015 was 57%. We used a risk-free interest rate of 1.76% and estimated lives of 4.22 to 4.89 years, which are the remaining contractual lives of the warrants. The volatility factor used in the Black-Scholes Pricing Model has a significant effect on the resulting valuation of the derivative liabilities on our balance sheet. The volatility calculated at September 30, 2015 was 57%. We used a risk-free interest rate of 1.37% and estimated lives of 4.47 to 4.96 years, which are the remaining contractual lives of the warrants.

 

On September 12, 2015, anti-dilution rights related to warrants to purchase 5,080,080 shares of common stock expired which resulted in a reclassification from derivative warrant liability to additional paid-in capital of $1,148,328.

 

Inflation

 

Our management believes that inflation has not had a material effect on our results of operations.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off balance sheet arrangements.

 

 
18
 

  

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The preparation of our financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the amounts of revenues and expenses recorded during the reporting periods. We base our estimates on historical experience, where applicable and other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from our estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Our critical accounting policies and use of estimates are discussed in, and should be read in conjunction with, the annual consolidated financial statements and notes included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2015 as filed with the SEC.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the specified time periods and accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure.

 

Our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer ("CEO"), evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Exchange Act) as of December 31, 2015. In designing and evaluating disclosure controls and procedures, we recognize that any disclosure controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objective. As of December 31, 2015, based on the evaluation of these disclosure controls and procedures, and in light of the material weaknesses found in our internal controls, the CEO concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective. In our assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2015, we determined that control deficiencies existed that constituted material weaknesses, as described below:

 

1)

the Company does not have an audit committee;

2)

lack of documented policies and procedures;

3)

the financial reporting function is carried out by consultants; and

4)

ineffective separation of duties due to limited staff.

 

In light of the conclusion that our internal controls over financial reporting were ineffective as of December 31, 2015, we have applied procedures and processes as necessary to ensure the reliability of our financial reporting in regards to this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. Accordingly, the Company believes, based on its knowledge, that: (i) this quarterly report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading with respect to the periods covered by this report; and (ii) the financial statements, and other financial information included in this quarterly report, fairly present in all material respects our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows as of and for the periods presented in this quarterly report.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

In October 2015, the Company appointed two new independent directors. There were no other changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2015 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 
19
 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

None.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

There has been no change in the Company's risk factors since the Company's Form 10-K filed with the SEC on December 14, 2015.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

Between October 1, 2015 and November 20, 2015, the Company sold an additional 416,667 Units for a purchase price of $0.54 per Unit and 166,667 Units for a purchase price of $0.60 per Unit for gross proceeds of $325,000. Each Unit consists of one share of common stock and one Investor Warrant.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

None.

 

 
20
 

  

Item 6. Exhibits

 

All references to registrant's Forms 8-K, 10-K and 10-Q include reference to File No. 333-170781

 

31.1

Certification of the Principal Executive and Financial Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a).*

32.1

Certification of the Principal Executive and Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002.*

 

EX-101.INS

XBRL INSTANCE DOCUMENT

 

 

 

EX-101.SCH

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION SCHEMA DOCUMENT

 

 

 

EX-101.CAL

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION CALCULATION LINKBASE

 

 

 

EX-101.DEF

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION DEFINITION LINKBASE

 

 

 

EX-101.LAB

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION LABELS LINKBASE

 

 

 

EX-101.PRE

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION PRESENTATION LINKBASE

___________

* Filed herewith.

 

 
21
 

  

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

CITIUS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

 

 

Date: February 12, 2016

By:

/s/ Leonard Mazur

 

Leonard Mazur

 

Chief Executive Officer,

Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer

 

 

 

 

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