U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

☒ QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended: March 31, 2021

 

OR

 

☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______________ to ______________

 

Commission File Number 001-38174

 

Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   27-3425913
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization
)
  (IRS Employer
Identification No.
)

 

11 Commerce Drive, First Floor, Cranford, NJ 07016

(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)

 

(908) 967-6677

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common stock, $0.001 par value   CTXR   Nasdaq Capital Market
Warrants to purchase common stock   CTXRW   Nasdaq Capital Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐  No ☒

 

As of May 10, 2021, there were 135,473,947 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value, of the registrant issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

FORM 10-Q

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

March 31, 2021

 

      Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION:    
       
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)   1
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020   1
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020   2
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three and Six Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020   3
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020   4
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements   5
       
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   14
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk   20
Item 4. Controls and Procedures   20
       
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION    
       
Item 1. Legal Proceedings   21
Item 1A. Risk Factors   21
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds   21
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities   21
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures   21
Item 5. Other Information   21
Item 6. Exhibits   22
       
  SIGNATURES   23

 

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EXPLANATORY NOTE

 

In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and unless the context otherwise requires, the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries, Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC and Leonard-Meron Biosciences, Inc., and its majority-owned subsidiary, NoveCite, Inc., taken as a whole.

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements.” Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements that express our intentions, beliefs, expectations, strategies, predictions or any other statements relating to our future activities or other future events or conditions. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about our business based, in part, on assumptions made by management. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may, and are likely to, differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in the forward-looking statements due to numerous factors discussed from time to time in this report and in other documents which we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In addition, such statements could be affected by risks and uncertainties related to:

 

  our ability to raise funds for general corporate purposes and operations, including our pre-clinical and clinical trials;

 

  the cost, timing and results of our pre-clinical and clinical trials;

 

  our ability to obtain and maintain required regulatory approvals for our product candidates;

 

  the commercial feasibility and success of our technology and product candidates;

 

  our ability to recruit and retain qualified management and scientific and technical personnel to carry out our operations; and

 

  the other factors discussed in the “Risk Factors” section of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and elsewhere in this report.

 

Any forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made, and except as may be required under applicable securities laws, we do not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the filing date of this report.

 

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PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

CITIUS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 

   March 31,   September 30, 
   2021   2020 
ASSETS          
Current Assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $103,697,162   $13,859,748 
Prepaid expenses   1,277,029    122,237 
Total Current Assets   104,974,191    13,981,985 
           
Property and equipment, net   1,272    1,577 
           
Operating lease right-of-use asset, net   906,092    986,204 
           
Other Assets:          
Deposits   38,062    57,093 
In-process research and development   19,400,000    19,400,000 
Goodwill   9,346,796    9,346,796 
Total Other Assets   28,784,858    28,803,889 
           
Total Assets  $134,666,413   $43,773,655 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Current Liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $1,132,877   $1,856,235 
Accrued expenses   240,610    164,040 
Accrued compensation   1,172,375    1,654,919 
Accrued interest   97,877    89,970 
Notes payable – related parties   172,970    172,970 
Operating lease liability   167,937    158,999 
Total Current Liabilities   2,984,646    4,097,133 
           
Note payable – paycheck protection program   164,583    164,583 
Deferred tax liability   4,985,800    4,985,800 
Operating lease liability – non current   769,218    855,471 
Total Liabilities   8,904,247    10,102,987 
           
Commitments and Contingencies          
           
Stockholders’ Equity:          
Preferred stock – $0.001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding        
Common stock – $0.001 par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 134,701,219 and 55,576,996 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively   134,701    55,577 
Additional paid-in capital   210,289,813    104,208,958 
Accumulated deficit   (85,262,728)   (70,593,867)
Total Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Stockholders’ Equity   125,161,786    33,670,668 
Non-controlling interest   600,380     
Total Equity   125,762,166    33,670,668 
           
Total Liabilities and Equity  $134,666,413   $43,773,655 

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

1

 

 

CITIUS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2021 AND 2020

(Unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended 
   March 31,   March 31,   March 31,   March 31, 
   2021   2020   2021   2020 
Revenues  $   $   $   $ 
                     
Operating Expenses                    
Research and development   1,551,341    2,015,940    7,742,520    4,680,486 
General and administrative   2,293,517    2,258,322    3,982,181    3,821,317 
Stock-based compensation – general and administrative   342,962    158,833    619,544    379,217 
Total Operating Expenses   4,187,820    4,433,095    12,344,245    8,881,020 
                     
Operating Loss   (4,187,820)   (4,433,095)   (12,344,245)   (8,881,020)
                     
Other Income (Expense)                    
Other income               110,207 
Interest income   69,327    12,106    82,811    31,445 
Interest expense   (3,939)   (3,980)   (7,907)   (7,971)
Total Other Income, Net   65,388    8,126    74,904    133,681 
                     
Net Loss  $(4,122,432)  $(4,424,969)  $(12,269,341)  $(8,747,339)
                     
Net Loss Per Share - Basic and Diluted  $(0.04)  $(0.13)  $(0.16)  $(0.28)
                     
Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding                    
Basic and diluted   95,997,427    34,318,761    75,565,121    31,744,379 

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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CITIUS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2021 AND 2020

(Unaudited)

                                
   Preferred   Common Stock   Additional
Paid-In
   Accumulated   Total Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Shareholder’s   Non-Controlling   Total 
   Stock   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity   Interest   Equity 
Balance, October 1, 2020  $    55,576,996   $55,577   $104,208,958   $(70,593,867)  $33,670,668   $   $33,670,668 
Issuance of NoveCite common stock               1,799,640    (2,399,520)   (599,880)   600,380    500 
Stock-based compensation expense               276,582        276,582        276,582 
Net loss                   (8,146,909)   (8,146,909)       (8,146,909)
Balance, December 31, 2020       55,576,996    55,577    106,285,180    (81,140,296)   25,200,461    600,380    25,800,841 
Issuance of common stock in private placement offering, net of costs of $1,549,602       15,455,960    15,456    18,434,954        18,450,410        18,450,410 
Issuance of common stock in registered direct offering, net of costs of $5,520,160       50,830,566    50,830    70,929,012        70,979,842        70,979,842 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of warrants       12,787,697    12,788    14,229,755        14,242,543        14,242,543 
Issuance of common stock for services       50,000    50    67,950        68,000        68,000 
Stock-based compensation expense               342,962        342,962        342,962 
Net loss                   (4,122,432)   (4,122,432)       (4,122,432)
                                         
Balance, March 31, 2021  $    134,701,219   $134,701   $210,289,813   $(85,262,728)   125,161,786   $600,380   $125,762,166 
                                         
Balance, October 1, 2019, as restated  $    28,930,493   $28,930   $80,169,724   $(53,045,782)  $(27,152,872)  $   $27,152,872 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of warrants       1,060,615    1,061    (955)       106        106 
Issuance of common stock for services       186,566    187    99,813        100,000        100,000 
Stock-based compensation expense               220,384        220,384        220,384 
Net loss                   (4,322,370)   (4,322,370)       (4,322,370)
Balance, December 31, 2019       30,177,674    30,178    80,488,966    (57,368,152)   23,150,992        23,150,992 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of warrants       7,614,388    7,614    6,019,417        6,027,031        6,027,031 
Issuance of common stock for services       286,000    286    305,734        306,020        306,020 
Stock-based compensation expense               158,833        158,833        158,833 
Net loss                   (4,424,969)   (4,424,969)       (4,424,969)
                                         
Balance, March 31, 2020  $    38,078,062   $38,078   $86,972,950   $(61,793,121)  $25,217,907   $   $25,217,907 

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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CITIUS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2021 AND 2020

(Unaudited)

 

   2021   2020 
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:          
Net loss  $(12,269,341)  $(8,747,339)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Stock-based compensation expense   619,544    379,217 
Issuance of common stock for services   68,000    406,020 
Amortization of operating lease right-of-use asset   80,112    81,847 
Depreciation   305    354 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Prepaid expenses   (1,154,792)   (5,553)
Deposits   19,031     
Accounts payable   (723,358)   (1,189,182)
Accrued expenses   76,570    (96,234)
Accrued compensation   (482,544)   (368,812)
Accrued interest   7,907    7,971 
Operating lease liability   (77,315)   (50,158)
Net Cash Used In Operating Activities   (13,835,881)   (9,581,869)
           
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:          
Proceeds from sale of NoveCite, Inc. common stock   500     
Net proceeds from private placement   18,450,410     
Net proceeds from registered direct offering   70,979,842     
Net proceeds from common stock warrant exercises   14,242,543    6,027,137 
Net Cash Provided By Financing Activities   103,673,295    6,027,137 
           
Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents   89,837,414    (3,554,732)
Cash and Cash Equivalents - Beginning of Period   13,859,748    7,893,804 
Cash and Cash Equivalents - End of Period  $103,697,162   $4,339,072 
           
Supplemental Disclosures Of Cash Flow Information and Non-cash Activities:          
Operating lease right-of-use asset and liability recorded upon adoption of ASC 842  $   $1,137,724 

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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CITIUS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2021 AND 2020

(Unaudited)

 

1. NATURE OF OPERATIONS, BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Business

 

Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Citius,” the “Company,” “we” or “us”) is a specialty pharmaceutical company dedicated to the development and commercialization of critical care products with a focus on anti-infective products in adjunct cancer care, unique prescription products and stem cell therapy.

 

On March 30, 2016, Citius acquired Leonard-Meron Biosciences, Inc. (“LMB”) as a wholly-owned subsidiary. The Company acquired all of the outstanding stock of LMB by issuing shares of its common stock. The net assets acquired included identifiable intangible assets of $19,400,000 related to in-process research and development. The Company recorded goodwill of $9,346,796 for the excess of the purchase price over the net assets.

 

In-process research and development represents the value of LMB’s leading drug candidate, which is an antibiotic solution used to treat catheter-related bloodstream infections (Mino-Lok®) and is expected to be amortized on a straight-line basis over a period of eight years commencing upon revenue generation. Goodwill represents the value of LMB’s industry relationships and its assembled workforce. Goodwill will not be amortized but will be tested at least annually for impairment.

 

On September 11, 2020, we formed NoveCite, Inc. (“NoveCite”), a Delaware corporation, of which we own 75% (7,500,000 shares) of the issued and outstanding capital stock (see Note 3).

 

Citius is subject to a number of risks common to companies in the pharmaceutical industry including, but not limited to, risks related to the development by Citius or its competitors of research and development stage product candidates, market acceptance of its product candidates that might be approved, competition from larger companies, dependence on key personnel, dependence on key suppliers and strategic partners, the Company’s ability to obtain additional financing and the Company’s compliance with governmental and other regulations.

 

Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Preparation — The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the operations of Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc., and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC, and LMB, and its majority-owned subsidiary NoveCite. NoveCite was inactive until October 2020. All significant inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared on the same basis as the annual consolidated financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly state the condensed consolidated financial position of the Company as of March 31, 2021, and the results of its operations and cash flows for the three and six month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. The operating results for the three and six month periods ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending September 30, 2021. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Use of Estimates — Our accounting principles require our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates having relatively higher significance include stock-based compensation, accounting for leases, valuation of warrants, and income taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates and changes in estimates may occur.

 

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Basic and Diluted Net Loss per Common Share — Basic and diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss in each period by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during such period. For the periods presented, common stock equivalents, consisting of stock options and warrants were not included in the calculation of the diluted loss per share because they were anti-dilutive.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12 Simplifications to Accounting for Income Taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions for recognizing deferred taxes for investments, performing intra-period allocation, and calculating income taxes in interim periods. The ASU also adds guidance to reduce complexity in certain areas, including deferred taxes for goodwill and allocating taxes for members of a consolidated group. ASU 2019-12 is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and earlier adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2019-12 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2020, FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt — Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging — Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity, which, among other things, provides guidance on how to account for contracts on an entity’s own equity. This ASU eliminates the beneficial conversion and cash conversion accounting models for convertible instruments. It also amends the accounting for certain contracts in an entity’s own equity that are currently accounted for as derivatives because of specific settlement provisions. In addition, this ASU modifies how particular convertible instruments and certain contracts that may be settled in cash or shares impact the diluted EPS computation. The amendments in this ASU are effective for the public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2020-06 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

2. LIQUIDITY AND MANAGEMENT’S PLAN

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company experienced negative cash flows from operations of $13,835,881 for the six months ended March 31, 2021. As a result of the Company’s recent common stock offerings and common stock warrant exercises in its second fiscal quarter of 2021, the Company had working capital of $101,989,545 at March 31, 2021. The Company estimates that its available cash resources will be sufficient to fund its operations through March 2023.

 

The Company has generated no operating revenue to date and has principally raised capital through the issuance of debt and equity instruments to finance its operations. However, the Company’s continued operations beyond March 2023, including its development plans for Mino-Lok, Mino-Wrap, Halo-Lido and Novecite, will depend on its ability to obtain regulatory approval to market Mino-Lok and generate substantial revenue from the sale of Mino-Lok and on its ability to raise additional capital through various potential sources, such as equity and/or debt financings, strategic relationships, or out-licensing of its products. However, the Company can provide no assurances on future sales of Mino-Lok or that financing or strategic relationships will be available on acceptable terms, or at all. If the Company is unable to raise sufficient capital, find strategic partners or generate substantial revenue from the sale of Mino-Lok, there would be a material adverse effect on its business. Further, the Company expects in the future to incur additional expenses as it continues to develop its product candidates, including regulatory approval, and protect its intellectual property.

 

3. PATENT AND TECHNOLOGY LICENSE AGREEMENTS

 

Patent and Technology License Agreement – Mino-Lok

 

LMB has a patent and technology license agreement with Novel Anti-Infective Therapeutics, Inc. (“NAT”) to develop and commercialize Mino-Lok® on an exclusive, worldwide sub licensable basis. LMB is required to pay an annual maintenance fee each June until commercial sales of a product subject to the license commence. The annual fee paid in June 2020 was $90,000 (at which level it will remain for as long as it is due).

 

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LMB will also pay annual royalties on net sales of licensed products, with royalties ranging from the mid-single digits to the low double digits or, in the event the licensed product is not subject to a valid patent claim, the royalty is reduced to mid- to lower-single digits. In limited circumstances in which the licensed product is not subject to a valid patent claim and a competitor is selling a competing product, the royalty rate is in the low single digits. After a commercial sale is obtained, LMB must pay minimum aggregate annual royalties of $100,000 in the first commercial year which is prorated for a less than 12-month period, increasing $25,000 per year to a maximum of $150,000 annually. LMB must also pay NAT up to $1,100,000 upon achieving specified regulatory and sales milestones. Finally, LMB must pay NAT a specified percentage of payments received from any sub licensees.

 

Unless earlier terminated by NAT, based on the failure by the Company to achieve certain development and commercial milestones or for various breaches by the Company, the license agreement remains in effect until the date that all patents licensed under the agreement have expired and all patent applications within the licensed patent rights have been cancelled, withdrawn or expressly abandoned.

 

Patent and Technology License Agreement – Mino-Wrap

 

On January 2, 2019, we entered into a patent and technology license agreement with the Board of Regents of the University of Texas System on behalf of the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center (“Licensor”), whereby we in-licensed exclusive worldwide rights to the patented technology for any and all uses relating to breast implants. We intend to develop a liquefying gel-based wrap containing minocycline and rifampin for the reduction of infections associated with breast implants following breast reconstructive surgeries (“Mino-Wrap”). We are required to use commercially reasonable efforts to commercialize Mino-Wrap under several regulatory scenarios and achieve milestones associated with these regulatory options leading to an approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”).

 

Under the license agreement, the Company paid annual maintenance fees of $45,000 and $30,000 in January 2021 and 2020, respectively. The annual maintenance fee increases by $15,000 per year up to a maximum of $90,000. Annual maintenance fees cease on the first sale of product. We also must pay up to an aggregate of $2.1 million in milestone payments, contingent on the achievement of various regulatory and commercial milestones. Under the terms of the license agreement, we also must pay a royalty of mid- to upper-single digit percentages of net sales, depending on the amount of annual sales, and subject to downward adjustment to lower- to mid-single digit percentages in the event there is no valid patent for the product in the United States at the time of sale. After the first sale of product, we will owe an annual minimum royalty payment of $100,000 that will increase annually by $25,000 for the duration of the term. We will be responsible for all patent expenses incurred by Licensor for the term of the agreement although Licensor is responsible for filing, prosecution and maintenance of all patents. Unless earlier terminated by Licensor, based upon the failure by us to achieve certain development and commercial milestones or for various breaches by us, the agreement expires on the later of the expiration of the patents or January 2, 2034.

 

License Agreement with Novellus

 

On March 31, 2020, we entered into an option agreement with a subsidiary of Novellus, Inc. (“Novellus”) whereby we had the opportunity to in-license from Novellus on a worldwide basis, a novel cellular therapy for acute respiratory distress syndrome (“ARDS”). The option exercise period ran for six months and the option agreement contained the agreed upon financial terms for the license. In April 2020 we paid Novellus $100,000 for the option and recorded it as a research and development expense.

 

Our Board Chairman Leonard Mazur, who is also our largest stockholder, is a significant shareholder of Novellus and subsequent to the option agreement as well as the license agreement referred to below, became a director of Novellus. As required by our Code of Ethics, the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors approved the entry into the option agreement with Novellus, as did the disinterested members of our Board of Directors.

 

On October 6, 2020, we, through NoveCite, our subsidiary that was established specifically for this purpose, exercised the option and signed an exclusive license agreement with Novellus. NoveCite is focused on developing cellular therapies. Upon execution of the agreement, we paid $5,000,000 to Novellus and issued to Novellus shares of NoveCite’s common stock representing 25% of the outstanding equity. We own the other 75% of NoveCite’s outstanding equity. Pursuant to the terms of the stock subscription agreement between Novellus and NoveCite, if NoveCite issues additional equity, subject to certain exceptions, NoveCite must maintain Novellus’s ownership at 25% by issuing additional shares to Novellus.

 

The $5,000,000 payment to Novellus was charged to research and development expense in the six months ended March 31, 2021.

 

7

 

 

Citius is responsible for the operational activities of NoveCite, and bears all costs necessary to operate NoveCite. Citius’s officers are also the officers of NoveCite and oversee the business strategy and operations of NoveCite. As such, NoveCite is accounted for as a consolidated subsidiary with a noncontrolling interest.

 

Novellus has no contractual rights in the profits or obligations to share in the losses of NoveCite, and the Company has not allocated any losses to the noncontrolling interest.

 

NoveCite is obligated to pay Novellus up to $51,000,000 upon the achievement of various regulatory and developmental milestones. NoveCite also must pay a royalty equal to low double-digit percentages of net sales, commencing upon the sale of a licensed product. This royalty is subject to downward adjustment to an upper-single digit percentage of net sales in any country in the event of the expiration of the last valid patent claim or if no valid patent claim exists in that country. The royalty will end on the earlier of (i) the date on which a biosimilar product is first marketed, sold, or distributed in the applicable country or (ii) the 10-year anniversary of the date of expiration of the last-to-expire valid patent claim in that country. In the case of a country where no licensed patent ever exists, the royalty will end on the later of (i) the date of expiry of such licensed product’s regulatory exclusivity and (ii) the 10-year anniversary of the date of the first commercial sale of the licensed product in the applicable country. In addition, NoveCite will pay to Novellus an amount equal to a mid-twenties percentage of any sublicensee fees it receives.

 

Under the terms of the license agreement, in the event that Novellus receives any revenue involving the original cell line included in the licensed technology, then Novellus shall remit to NoveCite 50% of such revenue.

 

The term of the license agreement will continue on a country-by-country and licensed product-by-licensed product basis until the expiration of the last-to-expire royalty term. Either party may terminate the license agreement upon written notice if the other party is in material default. NoveCite may terminate the license agreement at any time without cause upon 90 days prior written notice.

 

Novellus will be responsible for preparing, filing, prosecuting and maintaining all patent applications and patents included in the licensed patents in the territory. Provided however, that if Novellus decides that it is not interested in maintaining a particular licensed patent or in preparing, filing, or prosecuting a licensed patent, NoveCite will have the right, but not the obligation, to assume such responsibilities in the territory at NoveCite’s sole cost and expense.

 

4. NOTES PAYABLE

 

Notes Payable – Related Parties

 

The aggregate principal balance as of March 31, 2021 consists of notes payable held by our Chairman, Leonard Mazur, in the amount of $160,470 and notes payable held by our Chief Executive Officer, Myron Holubiak, in the amount of $12,500. Notes with an aggregate principal balance of $104,000 accrue interest at the prime rate plus 1.0% per annum and notes with an aggregate principal balance of $68,970 accrue interest at 12% per annum.

 

Interest expense on notes payable – related parties was $3,533 and $3,980, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. Interest expense on notes payable – related parties was $7,096 and $7,971, respectively, for the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

Paycheck Protection Program

 

On April 12, 2020, due to the business disruption caused by the COVID-19 health crisis, the Company applied for a forgivable loan through the Small Business Association’s Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”). In accordance with the provisions of the PPP, the loan accrues interest at a rate of 1% and a portion of the loan may be forgiven if it is used to pay qualifying costs such as payroll, rent and utilities. Amounts that are not forgiven will be repaid 2 years from the date of the loan. On April 15, 2020, the Company received funding in the amount of $164,583 from the Paycheck Protection Program through its bank.

 

Interest expense was $406 and $811 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, respectively.

 

8

 

 

5. COMMON STOCK, STOCK OPTIONS AND WARRANTS

 

Common Stock Offerings

 

On May 18, 2020, the Company closed a registered direct offering with several institutional and accredited investors for the sale of 7,058,824 shares of common stock at $1.0625 per share for gross proceeds of $7,500,001. The Company also agreed to issue 3,529,412 unregistered immediately exercisable warrants to the investors with an exercise price of $1.00 per share and a term of five and one-half years. The Company paid the placement agent for the offering a fee of 7% of the gross proceeds totaling $525,000 and issued the placement agent 494,118 immediately exercisable warrants with an exercise price of $1.3281 per share and a term of five years. The Company also reimbursed the placement agent for $85,000 in expenses and incurred $12,901 in other expenses. Net proceeds from the offering were $6,877,100. The estimated fair value of the 3,529,412 warrants issued to the investors was $2,138,998 and the estimated fair value of the 494,118 warrants issued to the placement agent was $275,724.

 

On August 10, 2020, the Company closed an underwritten public offering of 9,159,524 shares of common stock at a price of $1.05 per share for gross proceeds of $9,617,500. The Company paid the underwriter a fee of 7% of the gross proceeds totaling $673,225 and issued the underwriters 641,166 immediately exercisable warrants with an exercise price of $1.3125 per share and a term of five years. The Company also reimbursed the placement agent for $135,000 in expenses and incurred $109,074 in other expenses. Net proceeds from the offering were $8,700,201. The estimated fair value of the 641,166 warrants issued to the underwriter was $569,426.

 

On January 27, 2021, the Company closed a private placement for 15,455,960 shares of its common stock and warrants to purchase up to 7,727,980 shares of common stock, at a purchase price of $1.294 per share of common stock and accompanying warrant, for gross proceeds of $20,000,012. The 7,727,980 warrants are immediately exercisable at $1.231 per share for a term of five and one-half years. The Company paid the placement agent a fee of 7% of the gross proceeds totaling $1,400,001 and issued the placement agent 1,081,917 warrants for common stock that are immediately exercisable at $1.6175 per share for a term of five and one-half years. The Company also reimbursed the placement agent for $85,000 in expenses and incurred $64,601 in other expenses. Net proceeds from the offering were $18,450,410. The estimated fair value of the 7,727,980 warrants issued to the investors was approximately $7,582,000 and the estimated fair value of the 1,081,917 warrants issued to the placement agent was approximately $1,025,000.

 

On February 19, 2021, the Company closed a registered direct offering for 50,830,566 shares of its common stock and warrants to purchase up to 25,415,283 shares of common stock, at a purchase price of $1.505 per share of common stock and accompanying warrant, for gross proceeds of $76,500,002. The 25,415,283 warrants are immediately exercisable at $1.70 per share for a term of five years. The Company paid the placement agent a fee of 7% of the gross proceeds totaling $5,355,000 and issued the placement agent 3,558,140 warrants for common stock that are immediately exercisable at $1.881 per share for a term of five years. The Company also reimbursed the placement agent for $85,000 in expenses and incurred $80,160 in other expenses. Net proceeds from the offering were $70,979,842. The estimated fair value of the 25,415,283 warrants issued to the investors was approximately $42,322,000 and the estimated fair value of the 3,558,140 warrants issued to the placement agent was approximately $5,850,000.

 

Common Stock Issued for Services

 

On November 4, 2019, the Company issued 186,566 shares of common stock for strategic consulting and corporate development services and expensed the $100,000 fair value of the common stock issued.

 

On February 10, 2020, the Company issued 150,000 shares of common stock for investor relations services and 136,000 shares of common stock for general advisory and business development advisory services. The Company expensed the $306,020 fair value of the common stock issued.

 

On April 6, 2020, the Company issued 50,000 shares of common stock for strategic consulting and corporate development services and expensed the $22,750 fair value of the common stock issued.

 

On September 8, 2020, the Company issued 101,174 shares of common stock for investor relations services and expensed the $100,000 fair value of the common stock issued.

 

On February 12, 2021, the Company issued 50,000 shares of common stock for investor relations services and expensed the $68,000 fair value of the common stock issued.

 

9

 

 

Stock Option Plans

 

Pursuant to its 2014 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2014 Plan”) the Company reserved 866,667 shares of common stock for issuance to employees, directors and consultants. As of March 31, 2021, there were options to purchase an aggregate of 855,171 shares of common stock outstanding under the 2014 Plan, options to purchase 4,829 shares were exercised, options to purchase 6,667 shares expired and no shares remain available for future grants.

 

On February 7, 2018, our stockholders approved the 2018 Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan”) and the Company reserved 2,000,000 shares of common stock for issuance to employees, directors and consultants. As of March 31, 2021, there were options to purchase an aggregate of 1,890,000 shares of common stock outstanding under the 2018 Plan and no shares available for future grants.

 

On February 10, 2020, the Company’s stockholders approved the 2020 Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan (“2020 Stock Plan”). The 2020 Stock Plan authorizes a maximum of 3,110,000 shares. The 2020 Stock Plan provides incentives to employees, directors, and consultants of the Company in form of granting an option, SAR, dividend equivalent right, restricted stock, restricted stock unit, or other right or benefit under the 2020 Stock Plan. As of March 31, 2021, there were options to purchase 1,870,000 shares outstanding under the 2020 Plan and 1,240,000 shares available for future grants.

 

The fair value of each stock option award is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant commensurate with the expected term assumption. The expected term of stock options granted, all of which qualify as “plain vanilla,” is based on the average of the contractual term (generally 10 years) and the vesting period. For non-employee options, the expected term is the contractual term.

 

A summary of option activity under the Company’s stock option plans (excluding the NoveCite Stock Plan) is presented below:

 

   Option
Shares
   Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
   Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
   Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 
Outstanding at October 1, 2020   3,390,171   $2.51   8.0 years   $440,336 
Granted   1,225,000    1.08          
Exercised                 
Forfeited or expired                 
Outstanding at March 31, 2021   4,615,171   $2.13   8.1 years   $2,659,010 
                    
Exercisable at March 31, 2021   1,968,804   $3.56   6.6 years   $787,968 

 

On October 6, 2020, the Board of Directors granted stock options to purchase 800,000 shares to employees, 175,000 shares to directors and 125,000 shares to consultants at $1.01 per share. On February 16, 2021, the Board of Directors granted stock options to purchase a total of 125,000 shares to directors at $1.69 per share. All of these options vest over terms of 12 to 36 months and have a term of 10 years.

 

Stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 was $342,962 (including $18,833 for the NoveCite Stock Plan) and $158,833, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense for the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 was $619,544 (including $31,389 for the NoveCite Stock Plan) and $379,217, respectively.

 

At March 31, 2021, unrecognized total compensation cost related to unvested awards under the 2014 Plan, 2018 Plan and 2020 Stock Plan of $1,669,737 is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.8 years.

 

10

 

 

On November 5, 2020, the stockholders of our majority-owned subsidiary, NoveCite, Inc., approved NoveCite’s 2020 Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan (“NoveCite Stock Plan”). The NoveCite Stock Plan authorizes a maximum of 2,000,000 shares of NoveCite common stock. The NoveCite Stock Plan provides incentives to employees, directors, and consultants of NoveCite through grants of options, SARs, dividend equivalent rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, or other rights or benefits under the NoveCite Stock Plan. As of March 31, 2021, there were options outstanding to purchase 1,130,000 shares of NoveCite common stock under the NoveCite Stock Plan and 870,000 shares of NoveCite common stock available for future grants.

 

On November 5, 2020, NoveCite granted stock options to purchase 1,130,000 shares of NoveCite common stock to employees at a weighted average exercise price of $0.24 per share, of which, none are exercisable as of March 31, 2021. The weighted average remaining contractual term of options outstanding under the NoveCite Stock Plan is 9.61 years. At March 31, 2021, unrecognized total compensation cost related to unvested awards under the NoveCite Stock Plan of $194,611 is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.6 years.

 

Warrants

 

As of March 31, 2021, the Company has reserved shares of common stock for the exercise of outstanding warrants. The following table summarizes the warrants outstanding:

 

   Exercise
price
   Number   Expiration Dates
Investor Warrants  $9.00    126,669   April 15, 2021 – April 25, 2021
LMB Warrants   7.50    53,110   March 24, 2022 – April 29, 2022
Financial Advisor Warrants   3.00    25,833   August 15, 2021
2016 Offering Warrants   4.13    140,819   November 23, 2021 – February 27, 2022
2017 Public Offering Investors   4.13    1,622,989   August 2, 2022
2017 Public Offering Underwriter   4.54    65,940   February 2, 2023
December 2017 Registered Direct/Private Placement Offering Investors   4.63    640,180   June 19, 2023
December 2017 Registered Direct/Private Placement Offering Placement Agent   5.87    89,625   December 19, 2022
March 2018 Registered Direct/Private Placement Offering Investors   2.86    218,972   October 2, 2023
March 2018 Registered Direct/Private Placement Offering Placement Agent   3.73    46,866   March 28, 2023
August 2018 Offering Investors   1.15    3,921,569   August 14, 2023
August 2018 Offering Agent   1.59    549,020   August 8, 2023
April 2019 Registered Direct/Private Placement Offering Investors   1.42    1,294,498   April 5, 2021
April 2019 Registered Direct/Private Placement Offering Placement Agent   1.93    240,130   April 5, 2021
September 2019 Offering Investors   0.77    2,793,297   September 27, 2024
September 2019 Offering Underwriter   1.12    194,358   September 27, 2024
February 2020 Exercise Agreement Placement Agent   1.28    143,295   August 19, 2025
May 2020 Registered Direct Offering Investors   1.00    2,400,000   November 18, 2025
May 2020 Registered Direct Offering Placement Agent   1.33    494,118   May 14, 2025
August 2020 Underwriter   1.31    641,166   August 10, 2025
January 2021 Registered Direct Offering Investors   1.23    6,182,384   July 27, 2026
January 2021 Registered Direct Offering Agent   1.62    1,081,917   July 27, 2026
February 2021 Offering Investors   1.70    25,044,164   February 19, 2026
February 2021 Offering Agent   1.88    3,558,140   February 19, 2026
         51,569,059    

 

At March 31, 2021, the weighted average remaining life of the outstanding warrants is 4.3 years, all warrants are exercisable, and the aggregate intrinsic value of the warrants outstanding was $14,029,462.

 

11

 

 

Common Stock Reserved

 

A summary of common stock reserved for future issuances as of March 31, 2021 is as follows:

 

Stock plan options outstanding   4,615,171 
Stock plan shares available for future grants   1,240,000 
Warrants outstanding   51,569,059 
Total   57,424,230 

 

6. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

The Company has outstanding debt due to Leonard Mazur (Chairman of the Board) and Myron Holubiak (Chief Executive Officer) (see Note 4).

 

Leonard Mazur is a director and significant shareholder of Novellus, Inc. On October 6, 2020, the Company, through its subsidiary NoveCite, entered into an exclusive agreement with Novellus to develop cellular therapies (see Note 3).

 

7. OPERATING LEASE

 

Effective July 1, 2019, Citius entered into a 76-month lease for office space in Cranford, NJ. Citius will pay its proportionate share of real estate taxes and operating expenses in excess of the base year expenses. These costs are considered to be variable lease payments and are not included in the determination of the lease’s right-of-use asset or lease liability.

 

The Company identified and assessed the following significant assumptions in recognizing its right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities:

 

  As the Company’s current Cranford lease does not provide an implicit rate, the Company estimated the incremental borrowing rate in calculating the present value of the lease payments. The Company estimated its incremental borrowing rate based on the remaining lease term as of the adoption date.

 

  Since the Company elected to account for each lease component and its associated non-lease components as a single combined component, all contract consideration was allocated to the combined lease component.

 

  The expected lease terms include noncancelable lease periods.

 

The elements of lease expense are as follows:

 

Lease cost  Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021
   Six Months Ended
March 31,
2020
 
Operating lease cost  $119,412   $126,844 
Variable lease cost   194     
Total lease cost   119,606   $126,844 
           
Other information          
Weighted-average remaining lease term - operating leases   4.6 Years    5.6 Years 
Weighted-average discount rate - operating leases   8.0%   8.0%

 

12

 

 

Maturities of lease liabilities due under the Company’s non-cancellable leases as of March 31, 2021 is as follows:

 

Year Ending September 30,  March 31,
2021
 
2021 (excluding the 6 months ended March 31, 2021)  $117,830 
2022   239,306 
2023   244,165 
2024   249,024 
2025 and thereafter   275,343 
Total lease payments   1,125,668 
Less: interest   (188,513)
Present value of lease liabilities  $937,155 

 

Leases  Classification   March 31,
2021
   September 30,
2020
 
Assets              
Lease asset  Operating   $906,092   $986,204 
Total lease assets      $906,092   $986,204 
               
Liabilities              
Current  Operating   $167,937   $158,999 
Non-current  Operating    769,218    855,471 
Total lease liabilities      $937,155   $1,014,470 

 

Interest expense on the lease liability was $39,300 and $44,997 for the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

8. FDA REFUND

 

In November 2019, the Company received a $110,207 refund from the FDA for 2016 product and establishment fees because the fees paid by the Company exceeded the costs of the FDA’s review of the associated applications. The Company recorded the $110,207 as other income during the six months ended March 31, 2020.

 

9. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

Special Meeting of Stockholders

 

The Company plans to hold a special meeting of stockholders on May 24, 2021 at the Company’s headquarters at 11 Commerce Drive, First Floor, Cranford, New Jersey 07016, to 1) approve an amendment to our Articles of Incorporation to increase the authorized number of shares from 210,000,000 to 410,000,000 and the authorized number of common shares from 200,000,000 to 400,000,000, and 2) approve the 2021 Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan. The record date for the Special Meeting is April 7, 2021. Only stockholders of record at the close of business on that date may vote at the meeting or any adjournment thereof.

 

13

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 should be read together with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this report and in conjunction with the audited financial statements of Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2020. The following discussion contains “forward-looking statements” that reflect our future plans, estimates, beliefs and expected performance. Our actual results may differ materially from those currently anticipated and expressed in such forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors. We caution that assumptions, expectations, projections, intentions or beliefs about future events may, and often do, vary from actual results and the differences can be material. Please see “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” on page ii of this Report.

 

Historical Background

 

Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Citius,” the “Company,” “we” or “us”) is a specialty pharmaceutical company dedicated to the development and commercialization of critical care products with a focus on anti-infective products in adjunct cancer care, unique prescription products and stem cell therapy. On September 12, 2014, we acquired Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC as a wholly-owned subsidiary and on March 30, 2016, we acquired Leonard-Meron Biosciences, Inc. (“LMB”) as a wholly-owned subsidiary. On September 11, 2020, we formed NoveCite, Inc. (“NoveCite”), a Delaware corporation, of which we own 75% of the issued and outstanding capital stock.

 

Through March 31, 2021, the Company has devoted substantially all of its efforts to business planning, acquiring our proprietary technology, research and development, recruiting management and technical staff, and raising capital. We are developing three proprietary products: Mino-Lok, an antibiotic lock solution used to treat patients with catheter-related bloodstream infections by salvaging the infected catheter; Mino-Wrap, a liquifying gel-based wrap for reducing tissue expander infections following breast reconstructive surgeries; and Halo-Lido, a corticosteroid-lidocaine topical formulation that is intended to provide anti-inflammatory and anesthetic relief to persons suffering from hemorrhoids. NoveCite is focused on the development and commercialization of its proprietary mesenchymal stem cells for the treatment of acute respiratory disease syndrome (“ARDS”).

 

Patent and Technology License Agreements

 

Our patent and technology license agreements are discussed in the footnotes to our unaudited consolidated financial statements included in this Report.

 

Mino-Lok® - LMB has a patent and technology license agreement with Novel Anti-Infective Therapeutics, Inc. (“NAT”) to develop and commercialize Mino-Lok® on an exclusive, worldwide sub-licensable basis. Since May 2014, LMB has paid an annual maintenance fee, which began at $30,000 and that increased over five years to $90,000, where it will remain until the commencement of commercial sales of a product subject to the license. LMB will also pay annual royalties on net sales of licensed products, with royalties ranging from the mid-single digits to the low double digits or, in the event the licensed product is not subject to a valid patent claim, the royalty is reduced to mid- to lower-single digits. In limited circumstances in which the licensed product is not subject to a valid patent claim and a competitor is selling a competing product, the royalty rate is in the low single digits. After a commercial sale is obtained, LMB must pay minimum aggregate annual royalties that increase in subsequent years. LMB must also pay NAT up to $1,100,000 upon achieving specified regulatory and sales milestones. Finally, LMB must pay NAT a specified percentage of payments received from any sub licensees.

 

Mino-Wrap - On January 2, 2019, we entered into a patent and technology license agreement with the Board of Regents of the University of Texas System on behalf of the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center (“Licensor”), whereby we in-licensed exclusive worldwide rights to the patented technology for any and all uses relating to breast implants. We intend to develop a liquefying gel-based wrap containing minocycline and rifampin for the reduction of infections associated with breast implants following breast reconstructive surgeries (“Mino-Wrap”). We are required to use commercially reasonable efforts to commercialize Mino-Wrap under several regulatory scenarios and achieve milestones associated with these regulatory options leading to an approval from the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”).

 

14

 

 

Under the license agreement, the Company paid a nonrefundable upfront payment of $125,000. We paid annual maintenance fees of $45,000 and $30,000 in January 2021 and 2020, respectively. The annual maintenance fee increases annually by $15,000 per year up to a maximum of $90,000. Annual maintenance fees cease on the first sale of product. We also must pay up to an aggregate of $2.1 million in milestone payments, contingent on the achievement of various regulatory and commercial milestones. Under the terms of the license agreement, we also must pay a royalty of mid- to upper-single digit percentages of net sales, depending on the amount of annual sales, and subject to downward adjustment to lower- to mid-single digit percentages in the event there is no valid patent for the product in the United States at the time of sale. After the first sale of product, we will owe an annual minimum royalty payment of $100,000 that will increase annually by $25,000 for the duration of the term. We will be responsible for all patent expenses incurred by Licensor for the term of the agreement although Licensor is responsible for filing, prosecution and maintenance of all patents.

 

NoveCite – On October 6, 2020, our subsidiary NoveCite entered into a license agreement with Novellus Therapeutics Limited (“Licensor”), to develop and commercialize a stem cell therapy based on the Licensor’s patented technology for the treatment of acute pneumonitis of any etiology in which inflammation is a major agent in humans. NoveCite paid a $5,000,000 license fee and issued 25% of its outstanding equity to the Licensor. We own the other 75% of NoveCite’s currently outstanding equity. If NoveCite issues additional equity, subject to certain exceptions, NoveCite must maintain Novellus’s ownership at 25% by issuing additional shares to Novellus.

 

Under the license agreement, NoveCite is obligated to pay Licensor up to an aggregate of $51,000,000 in regulatory and developmental milestone payments. NoveCite also must pay a royalty equal to low double-digit percentages of net sales, commencing upon the first commercial sale of a licensed product. This royalty is subject to downward adjustment on a product-by-product and country-by-country basis to an upper-single digit percentage of net sales in any country in the event of the expiration of the last valid patent claim or if no valid patent claim exists in that country. The royalty will end on the earlier of (i) the date on which a biosimilar product is first marketed, sold, or distributed by Licensor or any third party in the applicable country or (ii) the 10-year anniversary of the date of expiration of the last-to-expire valid patent claim in that country. In the case of a country where no licensed patent ever exists, the royalty will end on the later of (i) the date of expiry of such licensed product’s regulatory exclusivity and (ii) the 10-year anniversary of the date of the first commercial sale of the licensed product in the applicable country. In addition, NoveCite will pay to Licensor an amount equal to a mid-twenties percentage of any sublicensee fees it receives.

 

Under the terms of the license agreement, in the event that Licensor receives any revenue involving the original cell line included in the licensed technology, then Licensor shall remit to NoveCite 50% of such revenue.

 

15

 

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Three months ended March 31, 2021 compared with the three months ended March 31, 2020

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
2021
   Three Months Ended
March 31,
2020
 
Revenues  $    $  
             
Operating expenses:          
Research and development   1,551,341    2,015,940 
General and administrative   2,293,517    2,258,322 
Stock-based compensation expense   342,962    158,833 
Total operating expenses   4,187,820    4,433,095 
           
Operating loss   (4,187,820)   (4,433,095)
Interest income   69,327    12,106 
Interest expense   (3,939)   (3,980)
Net loss  $(4,122,432)  $(4,424,969)

 

Revenues

 

We did not generate any revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2021 or 2020.

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, research and development expenses were $1,551,341 as compared to $2,015,940 during the three months ended March 31, 2020, a decrease of $464,599. Research and development costs for Mino-Lok® decreased by $487,986 to $1,110,331 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to $1,598,317 for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Research and development costs for our Halo-Lido product candidate decreased by $87,307 to $242,699 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to $330,006 for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Research and development costs for our Mino-Wrap product candidate were $55,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to $87,617 during the three months ended March 31, 2020, a decrease of $32,617. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, research and development costs for our recently in-licensed proposed novel cellular therapy for ARDS were $143,311. The decrease in research and development expense in the quarter was due primarily to a milestone expense of $621,708 incurred in the three months ended March 31, 2020 associated with the Mino-Lok® phase 3 trial.

 

As a result of the capital raised in our recent common stock offerings and common stock warrant exercises, we expect that research and development expenses will continue to increase in fiscal 2021 as we continue to focus on our Phase 3 trial for Mino-Lok®, progress the Halo-Lido product candidate and continue our research and development efforts related to ARDS and Mino-Wrap.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, general and administrative expenses were $2,293,517 as compared to $2,258,322 during the three months ended March 31, 2020. General and administrative expenses increased by $35,195 in comparison with the prior period. General and administrative expenses consist primarily of compensation costs, consulting fees incurred for financing activities and corporate development services, and investor relations expenses.

 

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Stock-based Compensation Expense

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, stock-based compensation expense was $342,962 as compared to $158,833 for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Stock-based compensation expense includes options granted to directors, employees and consultants. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, stock-based compensation includes $18,833 in expense for the recently adopted NoveCite stock option plan. Stock-based compensation expense for the most recently completed quarter increased by $184,129 in comparison to the prior period due to new grants made by Citius and the expense for the NoveCite stock plan.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

Interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $69,327 as compared to interest income of $12,106 for the prior period. We have invested the majority of the proceeds of our recent equity offerings in money market accounts.

 

Interest expense on notes payable for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $3,939 compared to $3,980 for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The three months ended March 31, 2021 includes $406 in interest on the paycheck protection program loan received on April 15, 2020.

 

Net Loss

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, we incurred a net loss of $4,122,432 compared to a net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2020 of $4,424,969. The $302,537 decrease in the net loss was primarily due to the decrease of $464,599 in research and development expenses.

 

Six months ended March 31, 2021 compared with the six months ended March 31, 2020

 

   Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021
   Six Months Ended
March 31,
2020
 
Revenues  $    $  
             
Operating expenses:          
Research and development   7,742,520    4,680,486 
General and administrative   3,982,181    3,821,317 
Stock-based compensation expense   619,544    379,217 
Total operating expenses   12,344,245    8,881,020 
           
Operating loss   (12,344,245)   (8,881,020)
Other income       110,207 
Interest income   82,811    31,445 
Interest expense   (7,907)   (7,971)
Net loss  $(12,269,341)  $(8,747,339)

 

Revenues

 

We did not generate any revenues for the six months ended March 31, 2021 or 2020.

 

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Research and Development Expenses

 

For the six months ended March 31, 2021, research and development expenses were $7,742,520 as compared to $4,680,486 during the six months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $3,062,034. Research and development costs for Mino-Lok® decreased by $1,881,338 to $1,829,984 for the six months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to $3,711,322 for the six months ended March 31, 2020 driven primarily by a decrease of $1,556,745 in manufacturing research and development for registration batches produced in the six months ended December 31, 2020. Research and development costs for our Halo-Lido product candidate decreased by $406,474 to $473,573 for the six months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to $880,047 for the six months ended March 31, 2020. Research and development costs for our Mino-Wrap product candidate were $55,237 for the six months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to $89,117 during the six months ended March 31, 2020, a decrease of $33,880. During the six months ended March 31, 2021, research and development costs for our recently in-licensed proposed novel cellular therapy for ARDS were $5,383,726.

 

We expect that research and development expenses will continue to increase in fiscal 2021 as we continue to focus on our Phase 3 trial for Mino-Lok®, progress the Halo-Lido product candidate and continue our research and development efforts related to ARDS and Mino-Wrap.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

For the six months ended March 31, 2021, general and administrative expenses were $3,982,181 as compared to $3,821,317 during the six months ended March 31, 2020. General and administrative expenses increased by $160,864 in comparison with the prior period. General and administrative expenses consist primarily of compensation costs, consulting fees incurred for financing activities and corporate development services, and investor relations expenses.

 

Stock-based Compensation Expense

 

For the six months ended March 31, 2021, stock-based compensation expense was $619,544 as compared to $379,217 for the six months ended March 31, 2020. Stock-based compensation expense includes options granted to directors, employees and consultants. For the six months ended March 31, 2021, stock-based compensation includes $31,389 in expense for the recently adopted NoveCite stock option plan. Stock-based compensation expense for the most recently completed quarter increased by $240,327 in comparison to the prior period due to new grants made by Citius and the expense for the NoveCite stock plan.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

In November 2019, we received an additional $110,207 refund from the FDA for 2016 product and establishment fees because the fees paid by the Company exceeded the costs of the FDA’s review of the associated applications. The Company recorded the $110,207 as other income during the six months ended March 31, 2020.

 

Interest income for the six months ended March 31, 2021 was $82,811 as compared to interest income of $31,445 for the prior period. We have temporarily invested most of the proceeds of our recent equity offerings in money market accounts.

 

Interest expense on notes payable for the six months ended March 31, 2021 was $7,907 compared to $7,971 for the six months ended March 31, 2020. The six months ended March 31, 2021 includes $811 in interest on the paycheck protection program loan received on April 15, 2020.

 

Net Loss

 

For the six months ended March 31, 2021, we incurred a net loss of $12,269,341 compared to a net loss for the six months ended March 31, 2020 of $8,747,339. The $3,522,002 increase in the net loss was primarily due to the increase of $3,062,034 in research and development expenses.

 

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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Liquidity and Working Capital

 

Citius has incurred operating losses since inception and incurred a net loss of $12,269,341 for the six months ended March 31, 2021. At March 31, 2021, Citius had an accumulated deficit of $85,262,728. Citius’ net cash used in operations during the six months ended March 31, 2021 was $13,835,881.

 

Our September 30, 2020 consolidated financial statements contain an emphasis of a matter regarding substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern and that the consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming we will continue as a going concern and do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets, or the amounts and classification of liabilities that may result if we do not continue as a going concern.

 

As a result of the Company’s recent common stock offerings and common stock warrant exercises, the Company had working capital of $101,989,545 at March 31, 2021. At March 31, 2021, Citius had cash and cash equivalents of $103,697,162 available to fund its operations. The Company’s primary sources of cash flow since inception have been from financing activities. Our primary uses of operating cash were for in-licensing of intellectual property, product development and commercialization activities, employee compensation, consulting fees, legal and accounting fees, insurance and investor relations expenses.

 

On January 27, 2021, the Company closed a private placement for 15,455,960 shares of its common stock and warrants to purchase up to 7,727,980 shares of common stock, at a purchase price of $1.294 per share of common stock and accompanying warrant, for gross proceeds of $20,000,012. Net proceeds from the offering were $18,450,410.

 

On February 19, 2021, the Company closed a registered direct offering for 50,830,566 shares of its common stock and warrants to purchase up to 25,415,283 shares of common stock, at a purchase price of $1.505 per share and accompanying warrant, for gross proceeds of $76,500,002. Net proceeds from the offering were $70,979,842.

 

Based on our cash and cash equivalents at March 31, 2021, we expect that we will have sufficient funds to continue our operations through March 2023. We may need to raise additional capital in the future to support our operations beyond March 2023. There is no assurance, however, that we will be successful in raising the needed capital or that the proceeds will be received in an amount or in a timely manner to support our operations.

 

Inflation

 

Our management believes that inflation has not had a material effect on our results of operations.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The preparation of our financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the amounts of revenues and expenses recorded during the reporting periods. We base our estimates on historical experience, where applicable, and other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from our estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Our critical accounting policies and use of estimates are discussed in, and should be read in conjunction with, the annual consolidated financial statements and notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2020 as filed with the SEC.

 

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the specified time periods and accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure.

 

Our Chief Executive Officer (who is our principal executive officer) and Chief Financial Officer (who is our principal financial officer and principal accounting officer), evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Exchange Act) as of March 31, 2021. In designing and evaluating disclosure controls and procedures, we recognize that any disclosure controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objective. As of March 31, 2021, based on the evaluation of these disclosure controls and procedures, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms.

 

Changes In Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

None.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

There has been no change in the Company’s risk factors since the Company’s Form 10-K filed with the SEC on December 16, 2020.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

On February 26, 2021, we issued 50,000 shares of our common stock to a consultant for media relations, public relations and investor relations services pursuant to the agreed upon compensation terms in the consulting agreement with the entity. The issuance of the shares was exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

None.

 

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Item 6. Exhibits

 

4.1   Form of Investor Warrant issued February 19, 2021 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 19, 2021).
     
4.2   Form of Placement Agent Warrant issued February 19, 2021 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 19, 2021).
     
10.1   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated February 16, 2021, by and between Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and the purchaser’s signatory thereto (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 19, 2021).
     
31.1   Certification of the Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a).*
     
31.2   Certification of the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a).*
     
32.1   Certification of the Principal Executive and Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002.*
     
EX-101.INS   XBRL INSTANCE DOCUMENT*
EX-101.SCH   XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION SCHEMA DOCUMENT*
EX-101.CAL   XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION CALCULATION LINKBASE*
EX-101.DEF   XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION DEFINITION LINKBASE*
EX-101.LAB   XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION LABELS LINKBASE*
EX-101.PRE   XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION PRESENTATION LINKBASE*

 

 

* Filed herewith.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  CITIUS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
     
Date: May 13, 2021 By: /s/ Myron Holubiak
    Myron Holubiak
    Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: May 13, 2021 By: /s/ Jaime Bartushak
    Jaime Bartushak
    Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

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