Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Nature of Operations, Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Nature of Operations, Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
9 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  





Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Citius," the "Company," "we" or "us") is a specialty pharmaceutical company dedicated to the development and commercialization of critical care products targeting important medical needs with a focus on anti-infective products in adjunct cancer care and unique prescription products.


On March 30, 2016, Citius acquired Leonard-Meron Biosciences, Inc. ("LMB") as a wholly-owned subsidiary. The Company acquired all of the outstanding stock of LMB by issuing shares of its common stock. The net assets acquired included identifiable intangible assets of $19,400,000 related to in-process research and development. The Company recorded goodwill of $9,346,796, as restated, for the excess of the purchase price over the net assets.


In-process research and development represents the value of LMB's leading drug candidate, which is an antibiotic solution used to treat catheter-related bloodstream infections (Mino-Lok®) and is expected to be amortized on a straight-line basis over a period of eight years commencing upon revenue generation. Goodwill represents the value of LMB's industry relationships and its assembled workforce. Goodwill will not be amortized but will be tested at least annually for impairment.


Citius is subject to a number of risks common to companies in the pharmaceutical industry including, but not limited to, risks related to the development by Citius or its competitors of research and development stage product candidates, market acceptance of its product candidates that might be approved, competition from larger companies, dependence on key personnel, dependence on key suppliers and strategic partners, the Company's ability to obtain additional financing and the Company's compliance with governmental and other regulations.


Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


Basis of Preparation — The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the operations of Citius Pharmaceuticals, Inc., and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Citius Pharmaceuticals, LLC, and LMB. All significant inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.


The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared on the same basis as the annual consolidated financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly state the condensed consolidated financial position of the Company as of June 30, 2020, the results of its operations for the three- and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, and cash flows for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. The operating results for the three- and nine-month periods ended June 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending September 30, 2020. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2019 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.


Recently Adopted Accounting Standards


In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). ASU 2016-02 requires a lessee to record a right-of-use asset and a corresponding lease liability, initially measured at the present value of the lease payments, on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months, as well as the disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements. Leases will be classified as either finance leases or operating leases, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the statement of operations. In January, July and December 2018, the FASB issued ASU Nos. 2018-01, 2018-10, 2018-11 and 2018-20 and in 2019 issued ASU No. 2019-01, which were targeted improvements to ASU No. 2016-02 (collectively, with ASU No. 2016-02, "ASC 842") and provided entities with an additional (and optional) transition method to adopt the new lease standard, and provided clarifications to address potential narrow-scope implementation issues. The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 effective October 1, 2019 and elected the optional transition method for adoption. The Company also took advantage of the transition package of practical expedients permitted within ASU 2016-02, which among other things, allowed it to carryforward historical lease classifications. The Company also elected to keep leases with an initial term of 12 months or less off of the balance sheet as a policy election and will recognize those lease payments in the consolidated statements of operations on a straight-line basis over the lease term. As of the adoption date, the Company identified one operating lease arrangement in which it is a lessee. The adoption of ASU 2016-02 resulted in the recognition of a right-of-use asset and lease liability of $1,137,724. 


In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which is intended to reduce cost and complexity and to improve financial reporting for nonemployee share-based payments. The amendment is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company adopted ASU 2018-07 on October 1, 2019 and it did not have a material effect on the Company's financial position, results of operations or disclosures.


Recently Issued Accounting Standards


In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12 Simplifications to Accounting for Income Taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions for recognizing deferred taxes for investments, performing intra-period allocation, and calculating income taxes in interim periods. The ASU also adds guidance to reduce complexity in certain areas, including deferred taxes for goodwill and allocating taxes for members of a consolidated group. ASU 2019-12 is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and earlier adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2019-12 on its consolidated financial statements.


Use of Estimates — Our accounting principles require our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates having relatively higher significance include stock-based compensation, accounting for leases, valuation of warrants, and income taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates and changes in estimates may occur.


Basic and Diluted Net Loss per Common Share — Basic and diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss in each period by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during such period. For the periods presented, common stock equivalents, consisting of stock options and warrants were not included in the calculation of the diluted loss per share because they were anti-dilutive.