Patent and Technology License Agreements
|6 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2021
|Patent and Technology License Agreements [Abstract]|
|PATENT AND TECHNOLOGY LICENSE AGREEMENTS||
3. PATENT AND TECHNOLOGY LICENSE AGREEMENTS
Patent and Technology License Agreement – Mino-Lok
LMB has a patent and technology license agreement with Novel Anti-Infective Therapeutics, Inc. ("NAT") to develop and commercialize Mino-Lok® on an exclusive, worldwide sub licensable basis. LMB is required to pay an annual maintenance fee each June until commercial sales of a product subject to the license commence. The annual fee paid in June 2020 was $90,000 (at which level it will remain for as long as it is due).
LMB will also pay annual royalties on net sales of licensed products, with royalties ranging from the mid-single digits to the low double digits or, in the event the licensed product is not subject to a valid patent claim, the royalty is reduced to mid- to lower-single digits. In limited circumstances in which the licensed product is not subject to a valid patent claim and a competitor is selling a competing product, the royalty rate is in the low single digits. After a commercial sale is obtained, LMB must pay minimum aggregate annual royalties of $100,000 in the first commercial year which is prorated for a less than 12-month period, increasing $25,000 per year to a maximum of $150,000 annually. LMB must also pay NAT up to $1,100,000 upon achieving specified regulatory and sales milestones. Finally, LMB must pay NAT a specified percentage of payments received from any sub licensees.
Unless earlier terminated by NAT, based on the failure by the Company to achieve certain development and commercial milestones or for various breaches by the Company, the license agreement remains in effect until the date that all patents licensed under the agreement have expired and all patent applications within the licensed patent rights have been cancelled, withdrawn or expressly abandoned.
Patent and Technology License Agreement – Mino-Wrap
On January 2, 2019, we entered into a patent and technology license agreement with the Board of Regents of the University of Texas System on behalf of the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center ("Licensor"), whereby we in-licensed exclusive worldwide rights to the patented technology for any and all uses relating to breast implants. We intend to develop a liquefying gel-based wrap containing minocycline and rifampin for the reduction of infections associated with breast implants following breast reconstructive surgeries ("Mino-Wrap"). We are required to use commercially reasonable efforts to commercialize Mino-Wrap under several regulatory scenarios and achieve milestones associated with these regulatory options leading to an approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration ("FDA").
Under the license agreement, the Company paid annual maintenance fees of $45,000 and $30,000 in January 2021 and 2020, respectively. The annual maintenance fee increases by $15,000 per year up to a maximum of $90,000. Annual maintenance fees cease on the first sale of product. We also must pay up to an aggregate of $2.1 million in milestone payments, contingent on the achievement of various regulatory and commercial milestones. Under the terms of the license agreement, we also must pay a royalty of mid- to upper-single digit percentages of net sales, depending on the amount of annual sales, and subject to downward adjustment to lower- to mid-single digit percentages in the event there is no valid patent for the product in the United States at the time of sale. After the first sale of product, we will owe an annual minimum royalty payment of $100,000 that will increase annually by $25,000 for the duration of the term. We will be responsible for all patent expenses incurred by Licensor for the term of the agreement although Licensor is responsible for filing, prosecution and maintenance of all patents. Unless earlier terminated by Licensor, based upon the failure by us to achieve certain development and commercial milestones or for various breaches by us, the agreement expires on the later of the expiration of the patents or January 2, 2034.
License Agreement with Novellus
On March 31, 2020, we entered into an option agreement with a subsidiary of Novellus, Inc. ("Novellus") whereby we had the opportunity to in-license from Novellus on a worldwide basis, a novel cellular therapy for acute respiratory distress syndrome ("ARDS"). The option exercise period ran for six months and the option agreement contained the agreed upon financial terms for the license. In April 2020 we paid Novellus $100,000 for the option and recorded it as a research and development expense.
Our Board Chairman Leonard Mazur, who is also our largest stockholder, is a significant shareholder of Novellus and subsequent to the option agreement as well as the license agreement referred to below, became a director of Novellus. As required by our Code of Ethics, the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors approved the entry into the option agreement with Novellus, as did the disinterested members of our Board of Directors.
On October 6, 2020, we, through NoveCite, our subsidiary that was established specifically for this purpose, exercised the option and signed an exclusive license agreement with Novellus. NoveCite is focused on developing cellular therapies. Upon execution of the agreement, we paid $5,000,000 to Novellus and issued to Novellus shares of NoveCite's common stock representing 25% of the outstanding equity. We own the other 75% of NoveCite's outstanding equity. Pursuant to the terms of the stock subscription agreement between Novellus and NoveCite, if NoveCite issues additional equity, subject to certain exceptions, NoveCite must maintain Novellus's ownership at 25% by issuing additional shares to Novellus.
The $5,000,000 payment to Novellus was charged to research and development expense in the six months ended March 31, 2021.
Citius is responsible for the operational activities of NoveCite, and bears all costs necessary to operate NoveCite. Citius's officers are also the officers of NoveCite and oversee the business strategy and operations of NoveCite. As such, NoveCite is accounted for as a consolidated subsidiary with a noncontrolling interest.
Novellus has no contractual rights in the profits or obligations to share in the losses of NoveCite, and the Company has not allocated any losses to the noncontrolling interest.
NoveCite is obligated to pay Novellus up to $51,000,000 upon the achievement of various regulatory and developmental milestones. NoveCite also must pay a royalty equal to low double-digit percentages of net sales, commencing upon the sale of a licensed product. This royalty is subject to downward adjustment to an upper-single digit percentage of net sales in any country in the event of the expiration of the last valid patent claim or if no valid patent claim exists in that country. The royalty will end on the earlier of (i) the date on which a biosimilar product is first marketed, sold, or distributed in the applicable country or (ii) the 10-year anniversary of the date of expiration of the last-to-expire valid patent claim in that country. In the case of a country where no licensed patent ever exists, the royalty will end on the later of (i) the date of expiry of such licensed product's regulatory exclusivity and (ii) the 10-year anniversary of the date of the first commercial sale of the licensed product in the applicable country. In addition, NoveCite will pay to Novellus an amount equal to a mid-twenties percentage of any sublicensee fees it receives.
Under the terms of the license agreement, in the event that Novellus receives any revenue involving the original cell line included in the licensed technology, then Novellus shall remit to NoveCite 50% of such revenue.
The term of the license agreement will continue on a country-by-country and licensed product-by-licensed product basis until the expiration of the last-to-expire royalty term. Either party may terminate the license agreement upon written notice if the other party is in material default. NoveCite may terminate the license agreement at any time without cause upon 90 days prior written notice.
Novellus will be responsible for preparing, filing, prosecuting and maintaining all patent applications and patents included in the licensed patents in the territory. Provided however, that if Novellus decides that it is not interested in maintaining a particular licensed patent or in preparing, filing, or prosecuting a licensed patent, NoveCite will have the right, but not the obligation, to assume such responsibilities in the territory at NoveCite's sole cost and expense.